there exists a great number of overt references to existing art and media, as well as echoes of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Hirohiko Araki's artistic influences. This article represents a provisional list of these.
Note: References listed on this page without citations have not been confirmed.
References in Phantom Blood
Dio's name partially comes from the heavy metal singer , founder of the band Ronnie James Dio . Dio 
Danny's name is a reference to by musical duo Danny's Song . Loggins and Messina
Erina Pendleton's name is possibly based on the Japanese pronunciation of by Eleanor Rigby . The Beatles The name of the
8th chapter is a possible reference to the song " Queen ". Ogre Battle
Robert E. O. Speedwagon's name comes from American rock band . REO Speedwagon 
Wang Chan's name is inspired by the English new wave group . Wang Chung The
Zeppeli surname is named after the English rock band . Led Zeppelin 
Poco's name likely comes from the American country rock band . Poco
Tarkus is named after the and song , Tarkus, by album . Emerson, Lake & Palmer
Bruford is named after musician , former drummer of Bill Bruford and Yes .
Tonpetty is named after American musician . Tom Petty
Dire and Straizo are named after the British rock band . Dire Straits
Doobie's name is a reference to . The Doobie Brothers
Adams is named after . Bryan Adams
Page, Jones, Plant, and Bornnam are named after , Jimmy Page , John Paul Jones , and Robert Plant , the four members of Led Zeppelin. John Bonham
The farmer testifying about the presence of Jonathan and party (though he does not know their names) is named Jeff Back, presumably after English guitarist . Jeff Beck
A fisherman who reported his boat stolen is named Dan Hamar, presumably named after Czech-American musician, . Jan Hammer Father Styx is named after the American rock band . Styx
Dio's surname is possibly named after the actor . Marlon Brando 
Will Anthonio Zeppeli's first name is possibly a reference to the English novelist , who Zeppeli himself quoted in his dying moments. William Makepeace Thackeray  The university where Jonathan and Dio studied is named Hugh Hudson Academy. This is likely named after
, a British film director, known by the masterpiece movie Hugh Hudson Chariots of Fire. The concept designs of Jonathan and Dio came from
and Sylvester Stallone , whose films were popular at the time. Arnold Schwarzenegger  The very first page of
Volume 1 features the quote "Two men look out through the same bars; one sees the mud and one the stars." from Frederick Langridge. Tarkus and Bruford's backstory involves Elizabeth I and Mary Stuart, both of whom were historical queens of England and Scotland respectively. However their stories are different, in real life Mary was imprisoned for plotting to kill Elizabeth and executed eighteen years afterward, but in JoJo Mary was accused by Elizabeth of murdering her husband and executed in secret after being apprehended.
The interactions between
George Joestar I and Dario Brando parallel that of various interactions in Victor Hugo's novel . George mistakes Dario, who was trying to loot him, as his savior, just as Marius' father mistakes Thenadiers as his savior. George also claims that he gave Dario the ring that Dario himself stole, similar to how the bishop Myriel claims that he had given Jean Valjean the silverware. Les Misérables The premise of
Part I parallels Bram Stoker's novel , in that both take place in the closing years of the 19th Century and involve a young adult protagonist named Jonathan interacting with and defeating a charismatic vampire. Dracula Araki said in
Manga in Theory and Practice that the idea of making a shift from one protagonist to the next partly comes from John Steinbeck's East of Eden, a novel inspired by the myth of Cain and Abel, that tells the conflict of two brothers over several generations. There are many similitudes with this novel in parts 1 and 7. More generally, the themes of inheritance, destiny, and opposition of light and shadow are common to the novel and the manga. The title of
Chapter 21 in the WSJ release is named after , a 1975 vampire novel by 'Salem's Lot . The novel also shares similarities to Stephen King Windknight's Lot. The newspaper Speedwagon reads in Chapter 41 shows the partially obscured phrase 'Alice in Wonderland', the more common name for the 1865 book . Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
References in Battle Tendency
Smokey Brown is named after musicians and Smokey Robinson . James Brown
Donovan is named after the of the same name. musician The four
Pillar Men are named after the bands , Santana , Wham! , and AC/DC . The Cars The track
WELCOME TO THE WORLD from the anime uses the guitar intro of by Owner of a Lonely Heart . Yes The tracks Elephant Talk 1 and Elephant Talk 2 from the
anime are named after the song "Elephant Talk" from the album by Discipline . King Crimson
Lisa Lisa is named after from the band Lisa Lisa . Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
Air Supplena Island is a reference to the Australian soft rock duo . Air Supply
Loggins and Messina are named after the musicians and Kenny Loggins or their musical group, Jim Messina . Loggins and Messina
Suzi Q is named after musician and/or the song " Suzi Quatro " by Susie Q (and famously covered by Dale Hawkins Creedence ). Clearwater Revival The
Red Stone of Aja is named after Aja, the and song by the group album . Steely Dan The line by Joseph Joestar to Caesar Zeppeli, "Nice, nice, very nice, Caesarino", is a reference to the
Nice, Nice, Very Nice by Californian band song featuring Alan Parsons. Ambrosia
Wired Beck is inspired by musician and his album Jeff Beck . Wired In the final chapter, Joseph listens to a cassette tape by
on his Walkman. The Beatles The song used for the first ending of the anime is " " by British progressive rock band Roundabout . Yes
The cave in which Santana is discovered resembles the interior of the derelict spacecraft on LV-426 from the movie
. Aliens The scene in which Joseph brands Caesar's bandana prior to fighting Wammu is a nod to a scene from in which the titular character dons a piece from his love interest's dress as a headpiece before charging towards Soviet and Vietcong soldiers sent after him
Rambo: First Blood Part II In the JoJoveller re-release of Battle Tendency, Araki mentions that Joseph is partially inspired by Sylvester Stallone, commenting that: "To put it simply, Joseph is more of a musclebound B.T. I put some Stallone into B.T. and added some cheerfulnes for good measure to make him more of a jolly fellow"
Joseph is shown reading a
comic when he and Speedwagon are attacked by a group of hijackers. Superman
 In the anime version of the hijacking scene, Joseph is reading a manga instead of a Superman comic, presumably to avoid legal issues with DC Comics. However, the scene still references Superman in a more subtle way, as the Baoh comic's cover is based on that of Baoh the Visitor Superman #1. Araki's previous creation is listed as an inspiration towards Joseph's character, with Araki envisioning the character as a Cool Shock B.T. shonen manga character that uses the playbooks of a swindler to win using cunning and logic.
The design for Rudol von Stroheim, particularly his hairstyle and monocle-styled lens, is inspired by an illustration made by fashion illustrator for Italian luxury brand Antonio Lopez . Missoni
Chapter 49 is named after Master of the Game, a 1982 novel by . The story spans four generations of the McGregor/Blackwell family, similar to the Sidney Sheldon Joestar Family. Hirohiko Araki mentions reading the novel during the early chapters of Part 1. The novel is also used again for Episode 11 of the TV Anime. The minor character
Bruto appears to be a direct expy of the character from the series Bluto . Popeye 's military treatise Sun Tzu is referred to by both Joseph and Esidisi during their battle. The Art of War
References in Stardust Crusaders
Jotaro's absent father,
Sadao Kujo, might be named after Japanese jazz musician . Sadao Watanabe
Muhammad Avdol is named after American singer . Paula Abdul
 In the
manga, just before Jotaro arrives home with an unconscious Kakyoin, Holy can be seen singing to herself. The Loco-Motion
DIO's base of operation being Egypt may have been inspired by the song " " by Ronnie James Dio. Egypt (The Chains Are On)
Gray Fly is named after musician . Glenn Frey 
Jean Pierre Polnareff is named after French musician . Michel Polnareff
 His sister,
Sherry Polnareff, is named after the Michel Polnareff song "Tout, Tout Pour Ma Chérie". The line "NON NON NON NON NON NON" may be a reference to Michel Polnareff's song . La Poupée qui fait non
Captain Tennille is named after the 1970 musical duo . Captain & Tennille
 In the localized version Captain Tennille is called Captain Dragon, after the Captain & Tennille member . Daryl Dragon The
Imposter's Stand, Dark Blue Moon's name may have been inspired by the song by Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart. Blue Moon
Jotaro's favorite musician is . Toshinobu Kubota 
Forever is named after the album , by the Wu-Tang Forever . Wu-Tang Clan 
Kakyoin's favorite musician is . Sting 
Devo the Cursed is named after the American band . Devo
 In the localized version Devo is called Soul Sacrifice, after the Santana . song When Joseph tries to use Hermit Purple on a television in order to detect DIO from Singapore, his Stand shows him random TV programs. One of these shows the cover of Tom Petty's debut solo album,
, and another shows an advert from MTV's prime in the 1980s. Full Moon Fever The Tom Petty reference was changed to the performance of an artist who's name is "Putty" in the anime. 
Rubber Soul is named after the Beatles album . Rubber Soul  In the
Part 3 drama CD the Old Man's stand is called Strange Relation after the song Prince . Strange Relationship
Hol Horse is named after the American music duo . Hall and Oates 
J. Geil is named after the American rock band, . The J. Geils Band
 In the localized version J. Geil is called Centerfold, after the J. Geils Band . song
Nena is named after the New Wave German singer . Nena 
ZZ is named after the American rock band . ZZ Top  In the French dub, ZZ sings
Allumer le feu, a popular French song by . Johnny Hallyday
Enya the Hag is named after the Irish singer . Enya 
Steely Dan is named after American jazz band . Steely Dan
Arabia Fats is named after American musician . Fats Domino 
Mannish Boy is named after 's song Muddy Waters . Mannish Boy  The chickens Avdol cares for on the secluded island (
Prince, Michael, and Lionel) are likely named after the musicians , Prince and Michael Jackson . Lionel Richie
Cameo is named after the American funk and R&B group . Cameo  The notation for Judgement's catchphrase,
, is styled after the names of HAIL ( ヘイル ) 2 ( トゥー ) U ( ユー ) 's songs, Prince and Nothing Compares 2 U . I Would Die 4 U  In the Brazillian portuguese dub of the anime, when Polnareff considers wishing for a girlfriend towards Cameo (in contrast to his previous wish for fame as a mangaka), he says "I don't want money, I just want to love". This is a nod to brazillian soul musician
, particularly a lyric from his song "Não quero dinheiro" (lit. translation: Tim Maia I don't want money) . The submarine from
the 66th Chapter of Part 3 may be a reference to the Beatles song . Yellow Submarine
Midler is named after singer/actress .
Bette Midler In the localized version Midler is called Rose, after the song Amanda McBroom , which was popularized by Bette Midler in the 1979 film, The Rose . The Rose The song used for the first ending of the
anime's second season is "Walk Like An Egyptian" sung by the American pop group . The Bangles
Iggy is named after . Iggy Pop 
N'Doul is named after Senegalese musician . Youssou N'Dour  In the light novel
The Genesis of Universe, the Stand Dark Mirage is a reference to the song by Mirage and the Tommy James and the Shondells album Fleetwood Mac Mirage
Oingo and Boingo are named after the band . Oingo Boingo
 In the 2005 English paperback printings of Stardust Crusaders and the anime, Oingo and Boingo are called Zenyatta and Mondatta, after the Police . They retain their original names in Part 3's English album JoJonium release.
Anubis's first user, Caravan Serai, is named after the Santana album . Caravanserai Anubis' other users,
Chaka and Khan, are named after American singer . Chaka Khan 
Mariah is named after American singer . Mariah Carey 
Alessi is named after the American duo . Alessi Brothers  The
D'Arby brothers are named after American singer (now going by the name Sananda Maitreya). Terence Trent D'Arby
 Daniel J. D'Arby's victims Garie Moor and Christian Vander are named after Irish singer and French musician Gary Moore , respectively. Christian Vander
Pet Shop is named after the English pop duo . Pet Shop Boys 
Kenny G. is named after American jazz musician . Kenny G
 Kenny G.'s Stand,
Tenore Sax, is named after one of the types of saxophones used by the real-life Kenny G., the tenor saxophone. In the localized version Kenny G. is called Billie Jean, after the song Michael Jackson . Billie Jean
Vanilla Ice is named after American rapper . Vanilla Ice
 Vanilla Ice's localized name, Cool Ice, is a reference to the film and song by Vanilla Ice. Cool as Ice
Cream is a reference to Ginger Baker's blues band . Cream  Suzi Q's Butler,
Roses could be a reference to the band . Guns N' Roses
The World's name, power, and the stair scene with Polnareff are a possible reference to the song " " by Stargazer and sung by Ronnie James Dio (DIO's namesake), verse 3:
Rainbow "All eyes see the figure of the wizard" "As he climbs to the top of the world" "No sound, as he falls instead of rising" " Time standing still, then there's blood on the sand" The World's design may have been inspired by the band mascot of
, Dio , the demonic figure seen on select album covers of Dio albums. Murray Senator
Wilson Phillips is named after the American of the same name. vocal group  Jotaro quizzes Joseph to make sure he isn't possessed by DIO by asking him who sang the song "
" to which he responds " Eat It ". Al Yankovic  In the last chapter Joseph listens to
by Get Back ; The Beatles this is a wink to the audience as many people think the name "JoJo" is a reference to this song as it's about a man named Jojo.
"Dio's Theme", the piece used for the credits of the 1993 OVA, interpolates the melody and lyrics of from the opera "Nessun dorma" . Turandot In the
JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Capcom fighting game, Kakyoin's ending theme uses a score similar to the opening chords of Led Zeppelin's " ." Stairway to Heaven In
Escape From JoJo's Bizarre Mansion the character Dija Maker is named after the song Led Zeppelin .
D'yer Mak'er The song used for the second ending of the anime's second season is an instrumental song by the "Last Train Home" . Pat Metheny Group
During Joseph's usage of Hermit Purple on the TV, one of the random programs shows
in his famous film Marlon Brando , where he played Don Vito Corleone. The Godfather  When Polnareff hits Devo in his hotel room, Devo falls off the balcony; he is nowhere to be found when Polnareff checks for his body. This is a possible shout-out to the ending of John Carpenter's
Ebony Devil's possession of a doll is similar to horror film . Child's Play
Yellow Temperance is likely a reference to . The Blob 
Strength was possibly inspired by the tale of , while its user was modeled after Mary Celeste , a character from a 1986 movie of the same name. Link  When Polnareff is turned into a kid by
Alessi's Stand and locks himself behind a wooden door, Alessi tears this door down by using his axe. He then puts his head into the now broken door, saying "Polnareff, I'm here." The scene closely resembles the famous setting of Stanley Kubrik's . The Shining The first half of the
Wheel of Fortune part is a reference to Steven Spielberg's first movie, . Duel  Lovers' appearance is that of the robot from
, crossed with a tick or a fly. Short Circuit  The events involving Lovers is based on the sci-fi film
. Fantastic Voyage Jotaro saying "Here is your receipt" after beating Steely Dan is a reference to a line spoken by Lee Van Cleef in the 1967 Spaghetti Western film
. Day Of Anger When the heroes talk about riding camels, Joseph says he's learned about camel riding by watching the movie
. Lawrence of Arabia  N'Doul is based off Kan Shimozawa's
, a long running Japanese film series centered around a blind blademaster of the same name. Zatoichi  While
Iggy is fighting Pet Shop in the sewer Iggy uses The Fool to create a wound across the front of Pet Shop's torso. Pet Shop touches the wound with his wing and lick the blood off it, similar to a famous scene in the movie . Enter The Dragon When Jotaro asks Joseph who plays the female lead in , Joseph correctly answers " Tarzan, the Ape Man " Bo Derek 
Marlon Brando as The Godfather
Doraemon homage as "Neko Dora".
Jotaro is seen reading
Weekly Shonen Jump by the prison guards at one point when he's in his jail cell.  When Joseph tries to use Hermit Purple on a television in order to detect DIO from Singapore, his Stand shows him random TV programs. One of the shows that appears is
. Doraemon  During the fight against Vanilla Ice, when Polnareff cries Avdol's name he strikes a pose inspired by a similar panel in Dragon Ball where Goku, after becoming a Super Saiyan, exclaims his intent to kill Freeza.
Dio's Road Roller move was inspired by an identical move used by
in the first episode of the Kinnikuman Kinnikuman anime. The tailpiece for
Chapter 254 features The World forming his hands in position for releasing a , a move from Kamehameha . Dragon Ball Jotaro's false name during the Justice story arc, Qtaro, may have been in reference to , a manga which ran during the late 1960s and inspired the iconic Pac-Man ghosts. Obake no Q-Tarō
Anubis's concept references tales of cursed swords pushing their owners to shed blood, for instance those made by . Muramasa
Wally can be seen among the people flying in the air in the car crash scene from
Magician's Red's appearance is inspired by the character of Horus, a man with the head of a bird featured in the Nikopol trilogy of comics, by the artist . Enki Bilal In the
Justice story arc, when the group discovers a dead man full of holes, Polnareff compares him to the cheese from the cartoon series " ". Tom & Jerry Jotaro says to Enya that when he has something on his mind he can't sleep, saying it might be because he watched
as a kid. Columbo  When Polnareff asks to become a famous comicbook author, several characters from Western comic books can be seen in the background. One of them is notably Colonel Clifton from the Franco-Belgian comics
. Clifton  In the VIZ Media localization (from 2012 onward), Steely Dan is called Dan of Steel, a play on the band's name while also being a reference to Detective Comic's Man of Steel,
. Superman In the French dub, during the
Sun (story arc), Joseph asks if their enemy is , a character from the eponymous science fiction novel. The Invisible Man Judgement's design was influenced by
's Shotaro Ishinomori and Kikaider. Its ability is based off the story of Kamen Rider . Aladdin and the Magic Lamp  When DIO forces Senator
Wilson Phillips to drive through the crowd, Wally from the children's book series can be seen flying through the air. Where's Wally? In
SC Chapter 99, the bottle of liquor Joseph uses to fill the glass has a logo resembling the bourbon brand.
Four Roses The OVA reproduces the bottle with a brand that reads "OUR ROSES" with also a rose logo on the side of the bottle.
The anime changes the bottle to a "Two Lillies" brand with a similar yet distinct flower logo and the more generic term "Whisky". In the English dub of the Stardust Crusaders episode The Faraway Journey, Farewell Friends, when challenging DIO, after breaking his leg, Jotaro comments: "If this were the wild west, a hero would say 'It's high noon'". This is a nod to the character Jesse McCree (later renamed Cole Cassidy) from Activision Blizzard's who is also voiced by Jotaro's English voice actor Overwatch Matthew Mercer.
References in Diamond is Unbreakable
Josuke's appearance is based on the musician
. His favorite musician is also Prince.
Anjuro Katagiri's nickname "Angelo" is a reference to the American composer .
Okuyasu's Stand The Hand is a reference to Canadian-American rock band . The Band 
Keicho's Stand Bad Company is named after English hard rock bank . Bad Company 
Akira Otoishi's Red Hot Chili Pepper and its titular story arc are named after American rock band the . Red Hot Chili Peppers  Koichi owns a dog named
Police, a reference to the English rock band . The Police
Tamami Kobayashi's Stand The Lock is likely a reference to the , a song by The Rock . The Who
Koichi's Stand Echoes is named after 's song Pink Floyd Echoes 
Toshikazu Hazamada's Stand Surface is a reference to R&B trio . Surface 
Yukako Yamagishi's Stand Love Deluxe is named after the of the same name by the British R&B group album . Sade  During the
Yukako Yamagishi Falls in Love arc, Yukako quizzes Koichi by asking him to choose the best definition for describing 's music. In the Prince anime adaptation, a back shot of Prince at a concert is also shown. During the
Let's Go Eat Some Italian Food arc, Okuyasu compares the harmony between mozzarella and tomato to a duet. Simon & Garfunkel
Tonio Trussardi's Stand, Pearl Jam is named after the American rock band . Pearl Jam 
Akira Otoishi was modeled after the young , a Japanese rock musician and award-winning writer, considering their similar wavy hair and scar on the left side of the face
Kenji Ohtsuki The boat Joseph comes to
Morioh on is possibly named after the band . Traffic
Shizuka Joestar's Stand Achtung Baby is a reference to the by Achtung Baby . U2 
Rohan's Stand Heaven's Door is named after 's song Bob Dylan . Knockin' on Heaven's Door  The Stand
Ratt is named after heavy metal band . Ratt 
Shigechi Yangu's last name is based off the last name of the musician . Neil Young
Aya Tsuji's Stand Cinderella is named after American heavy metal band . Cinderella  Kira's Stand
Killer Queen is named after the Queen song, . Killer Queen
Yoshihiro Kira's Stand Atom Heart Father is named after the song and album Pink Floyd . Atom Heart Mother 
Ken Oyanagi's Stand, Boy II Man, is a reference to the American hip-hop group . Boyz II Men 
Mikitaka Hazekura's Stand (or Stand-like ability), Earth Wind and Fire is a reference to the American R&B group . Earth, Wind & Fire 
Yuya Fungami's Stand, Highway Star, is a reference to the song Deep Purple . Highway Star
 Yuya's tie bears the words Speed King, referencing the Deep Purple song . Speed King Echoes ACT3's cries of "beeitch" and "let's kill da ho" appear to be sourced from the CD Booklet of the
album, Snoop Dogg . Doggystyle 
Tama's Stand, Stray Cat, is named after American rockabilly band . Stray Cats 
Toyohiro Kanedaichi's Stand, Super Fly, is a reference to song " Curtis Mayfield's ." Superfly 
Terunosuke Miyamoto's Stand, Enigma, is named after New Age band . Enigma
Masazo Kinoto's Stand, Cheap Trick, is a reference to American rock band . Cheap Trick  The
Another One Bites The Dust story arc and Kira's tertiary bomb Bites the Dust are named after the song Queen . Another One Bites the Dust  The song used for the ending of the anime's third season is " " by Australian pop duo I Want You . Savage Garden
In Episode 5 of the English dub, Okuyasu says "So go ahead punk, make my day" during his fight with Josuke. This is a reference to an iconic line in the Clint Eastwood film,
. Sudden Impact
Chapter 281's original title in Weekly Shonen Jump is a reference to the musical , based on the 1910 The Phantom of the Opera ( オペラ座の怪人, Operagi no Kaijin) . eponymous French novel
Chapter 295's original title in Weekly Shonen Jump is a reference to the 1984 film , based on Firestarter ( 炎の少女チャーリー, Honō no Shōjo Chārī) 's novel of the same name. Stephen King In the
Let's Go Eat Some Italian Food story arc, Okuyasu drinks some water that heals his tiredness by releasing large amounts of tears from his eyes. He underplays this by claiming that he had presumably cried a lot more when watching the 1979 film, . The Champ  During the
Let's Go Hunting arc, Josuke makes a reference to when mentioning rodents. Mickey Mouse 
Chapter 353's original title in Weekly Shonen Jump is a reference to the 1993 film . For Love or Money ( バラ色の選択, Bara-iro no Sentaku) In
Episode 24 of the TV Anime, an advertisement for can be seen on the cinema marquee after Kira escapes. Austin Powers 2 The story outline of Diamond is Unbreakable is likely inspired by the David Lynch television series
Twin Peaks In Weekly Shonen Jump 1991 Issue #46, Araki mentions how Twin Peaks has a similar style to manga as a genre.  The fight between Josuke and Highway Star parallels the film "
" starring Keanu Reeves. Speed While possessed by Cheap Trick, Rohan and Masazo have to crab walk up and down the stairs, similar to a scene in . The Exorcist
Josuke is initially introduced being bullied by some upperclassmen. One of the bullies insults his hair by claiming it looks like
. In his rage, Josuke mishears it as Astro Boy's . Sazae-san On the cover of
Chapter 290, one of the manga falling out of Toshikazu Hazamada's locker is the first volume of GP Boy.  After turning into Josuke, Surface asks him if he was familiar with the copy robot from
, a parody series by Doraemon author, Perman . Fujiko Fujio  In the Italian food arc, Okuyasu compares the harmony between mozzarella and tomato to
and Asao Takamori 's work on Tetsuya Chiba . Ashita no Joe  When asking Okuyasu his name during the Red Hot Chili Pepper arc, Joseph mishears it as
. Osomatsu In the Let's Go Hunting! story arc, Josuke compares Jotaro poking the mass of melted rat to how Arale from pokes poop. Dr. Slump 
References in Vento Aureo
Giorno Giovanna's Stand, Gold Experience, is named after Prince's album " ".
The Gold Experience Giorno's favorite musician is Jeff Beck. 
Luca's name is possibly a reference to the song by Luka . Suzanne Vega
Bruno Bucciarati's Stand, Sticky Fingers, is named after album The Rolling Stones . Sticky Fingers
 The album "
Sticky Fingers" was particularly known for having a functional zipper in the sleeve for its vinyl release. Sticky Fingers the Stand creating zippers is a reference to this.  Bucciarati licking Giorno's face is a possible reference to the Rolling Stones logo featuring a tongue.
Bucciarati's favorite music is and Agharta by Bitches Brew . Miles Davis
Polpo's Stand, Black Sabbath, is named after the English heavy metal band, .
Black Sabbath Polpo biting off his fingers may be a reference to the Black Sabbath guitarist, , losing the tips of his middle and ring finger as a teenager. Tony Iommi
Leone Abbacchio's Moody Blues is a direct reference to the British rock band .
The Moody Blues
Mario Zucchero's Stand, Soft Machine, is named after British rock band . Soft Machine
Guido Mista's Stand, Sex Pistols, is a reference to the British punk band .
Sale's Stand, Kraft Work, is named after the German electronic band, .
Kraftwerk The location of Mista and Sale's fighting being a highway may have been inspired by the Kraftwerk album
. Autobahn Kraft Work's localized name, Arts & Crafts, may reference the Canadian record label, . Arts & Crafts Productions
Pericolo's name may be a reference to . Perry Como
Formaggio's Stand, Little Feet, is a reference to the American rock band .
Little Feat A pose pulled off by Little Feet and Aerosmith done in the 2018 anime adaptation is a reference to the album cover of Little Feat's Under the Radar
Narancia Ghirga's Stand, Aerosmith, is named after American Rock band .
Illuso's Stand, Man in the Mirror, is a reference to by Man in the Mirror .
Pannacotta Fugo's Stand, Purple Haze, is a reference to the song , by Purple Haze . Jimi Hendrix
Coco Jumbo and its Stand Mr.President are references both to the German eurodance group , and their song Mr. President .
Pesci's Stand, Beach Boy, is named after American rock band . The Beach Boys
Prosciutto's Stand, The Grateful Dead, is a reference to American rock band . The Grateful Dead
Melone's Stand, Baby Face, is named after American R&B artist . Babyface
Ghiaccio's White Album is named after album The Beatles, nicknamed The Beatles by fans.
White Album The song used as the first ending of the anime's
fourth season is by American R&B group Freek'n You . Jodeci
Risotto Nero's Stand, Metallica, is a reference to the American heavy metal band with the ability being inspired by the album cover of the Metallica album Metallica . Load
Diavolo and Vinegar Doppio's Stand, King Crimson, is named after the alternative rock band ; whilst the ability King Crimson Epitaph is named after their song . Epitaph
Squalo's Stand, Clash, is named after British punk group . The Clash
Tizzano's Stand, Talking Head, is a reference to , a new wave American group. Talking Heads
Carne's Stand, Notorious B.I.G, is a reference to American Rapper
The Notorious B.I.G. Notorious B.I.G's ability may be based on the Notorious B.I.G. album Life After Death
Trish Una's Stand, Spice Girl, is named after the British pop group , as well her Spice Girls battlecry is a reference to their song . Wannabe
Cioccolata's Stand, Green Day, shares its name with the American punk group . Green Day
Secco's Stand, Oasis, is named after alternative British rock band . Oasis The pose done by Giorno on the cover of
Volume 62 is a reference to the album cover of 's Dio . Holy Diver
Chariot Requiem and Gold Experience Requiem are a reference to the requiem mass composed by , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart , and Franz Xaver Süssmayr , Joseph Leopold Eybler . Requiem
Scolippi's Stand, Rolling Stone, is named after the British rock band . The Rolling Stones The song used as the second ending of the anime's fourth season is by German band Modern Crusaders . Enigma
At the beginning of
Vento Aureo, Koichi Hirose mentions the movie , saying how humans in the movie have already traveled all the way to Jupiter in the year 2001. 2001: A Space Odyssey 
Luca is also a fictional character in Mario Puzo's novel , as well as its 1972 film adaptation. The Godfather In the anime, Fugo uses his wit to outdo a waiter's threats on putting him in jail by mentioning a 1987 court case between "Argento v. De Sica". Said court case is fictional and the names used are references to film directors
( Dario Argento Suspiria) and ( Vittorio de Sica Bicycle Thieves).
Squalo/ Clash's theme in the anime seems to be inspired by the theme. Jaws Both
Notorious B.I.G. and its story arc were influenced by the 1958 film . The Blob The concept around Diavolo assuming the identity of underling Vinegar Doppio is a possible reference to the Brian Singer movie , in which mafia boss The Usual Suspects assumes the identity of petty con artist Verbal Kint. Keyser Söze
Polpo says he misses
's paintings on the walls of the Michelangelo . Sistine Chapel
 During the fight with Ghiaccio, the pose that Giorno holds Mista at the end of the fight is a reference to Michelangelo's
in St Peter's Basilica, on Vatican City. Pietà Diavolo's design is partially inspired by a shopping bag design by fashion illustrator for Antonio Lopez . Bloomingdale's
Polpo quotes the 17th Century historian . "He's my friend that speaks well of me behind my back". Thomas Fuller 
References in Stone Ocean
Jolyne Cujoh's name is likely a reference to the song by Jolene . Notably, during her fight with Dolly Parton Gwess, Jolyne's name is repeated several times in a fashion similar to the song.
Ermes Costello and Gloria Costello's surname is a reference to the British musician . Elvis Costello The
Green Dolphin Street Prison is named after the song by On Green Dolphin Street . Bronisław Kaper
Gwess's Stand, Goo Goo Dolls, is a reference to the American alternative rock band, . Goo Goo Dolls
Johngalli A.'s Stand, Manhattan Transfer, is named after the American jazz fusion band . Manhattan Transfer
Enrico Pucci's Stand, Whitesnake, is named after the American rock band . Whitesnake The title of the chapter
Prisoner of Love might be a reference to the song , by Prisoner of Love . Russ Columbo
SO Chapter 23's original title in Weekly Shonen Jump is a reference to the 1980 song, , by Another One Bites the Dust . Queen Ermes's Stand,
Kiss, is named after American hard rock band . Kiss also have a song titled Prisoner of Love (from their 1989 album Hot in the Shade). Kiss
Thunder McQueen's Stand, Highway to Hell, is a reference to the song and album AC/DC . Highway to Hell
Emporio Alnino's Stand, Burning Down the House, is a reference to , by Burning Down the House . Talking Heads The
Like a Virgin bracelets the prisoners must wear while searching the farm are a reference to by Like a Virgin . Madonna
F.F. and her Stand's names, Foo Fighters, are based on American alternative rock band . Foo Fighters The scene in
SO Chapter 34 in which Miraschon steals Pucci's cross may be inspired by the lyrics to the Whitesnake song Saints an' Sinners; "Saints an' sinners, priests an' thieves."
Miraschon's Stand, Marilyn Manson, shares its name with the American musician and his Marilyn Manson . band
Weather Report and his Stand's names are based on American jazz band .
Weather Report Weather's appearance is based on a silhouette known as Buffalo man, which appears on many of 's album covers. Jamiroquai
Lang Rangler's Stand, Jumpin' Jack Flash, is a reference to by Jumping Jack Flash . The Rolling Stones
Savage Garden's name is based on an Australian pop rock duo, . Savage Garden
Sports Maxx's Stand, Limp Bizkit, is a reference to the American rock band . Limp Bizkit
Narciso Anasui's Stand, Diver Down, is named after the album, Van Halen . Diver Down
Guccio's Stand, Survivor, is based on American hard rock band . Survivor
Viviano Westwood's Stand, Planet Waves, is named after the album, Bob Dylan .
Planet Waves Planet Waves's name in Stone Ocean's magazine release was Earth, Wind and Fire, named after the American R&B band, . Earth, Wind and Fire
D an G's stand, Yo-Yo Ma, is named after French-born American cellist .
Yo-Yo Ma Yo-Yo Ma mentions having an sticker. R.E.M.
Pucci forces Guccio to sing , conducted by Handel's Messiah in 1983. John Eliot Gardiner 
The Green Baby's Stand, Green, Green Grass of Home, is named after by Green, Green Grass of Home (also famously covered by Porter Wagoner ). Tom Jones During a flashback, Dio mentions seeing a
concert on television. Michael Jackson  The phrase "Rhinoceros Beetle" is repeated four times in Dio's Diary and may be a reference to
The Beatles , a 1965 song written and sung by Desolation Row ( 廃墟の街, Haikyo no machi) , is one of the 14 words for Heaven found in Dio's Diary. Bob Dylan
Miuccia Miuller's Stand, Jail House Lock, is a reference to the song by Jailhouse Rock . Elvis Presley In
SO Volume 12's artwork, Jolyne is wearing a button. R.E.M.
Ungalo's Stand, Bohemian Rhapsody, is named after by Bohemian Rhapsody .
Queen The nature of Bohemian Rhapsody as a Stand is most likely a reference to the opening lyrics of the song it shares its name with, "Is this the real life? Is this just fantasy? Caught in a landslide,/No escape from reality." Due to Bohemian Rhapsody's ability to bend "fantasy" into "reality", much to the confusion of Anasui and Weather Report, it appears as a direct reference to the lyrics.
Rikiel's Stand, Sky High, is named after 's song Jigsaw . Sky High
Donatello Versus's Stand, Under World, shares its name with English electronic band . Underworld Weather Report's ability
Heavy Weather shares its name with the album, Weather Report . Heavy Weather
C-MOON's name is based on the song by C Moon . Wings
Made in Heaven's name is based on either the Freddie Mercury or song Queen , Made in Heaven.
album The title of SO Chapter 158, , is likely based on the song of the same name by What a Wonderful World . Louis Armstrong
Ermes Costello's first name is based on French fashion brand . Hermès
Narciso Anasui is a reference to American fashion designers and Narciso Rodriguez . Anna Sui
Loccobarocco is a reference to the Italian Fashion designer . Rocco Barocco
Johngalli A.'s name based on Spanish-British fashion designer . John Galliano
Thunder McQueen is named after British fashion designer and brand . Alexander McQueen
Miraschon's name is based on Italian fashion designer Mila Schön
Lang Rangler's first name might be a reference to Austrian fashion designer . Helmut Lang
Guccio's name is based on Italian fashion designer . Guccio Gucci
Viviano Westwood's name is based on British fashion designer . Vivienne Westwood
Kenzou is named after French fashion brand, . Kenzo
D an G is a reference to Italian fashion house , often referred to as D & G.
Dolce & Gabbana D an G's reason for committing several murders was due to his belief of 's predictions about the end of the world. Nostradamus
Miuccia Miuller is a reference to both Italian stylist and her fashion brand Miuccia Prada . Miu Miu
Ungalo is named after French stylist . Emanuel Ungaro
Rikiel shares his name with French fashion designer . Sonia Rykiel
Donatello Versus is named after the Italian fashion designer and her brand, Donatella Versace . Versus
Enrico Pucci's first name is derived from Italian fashion designer, . Enrico Coveri
Weather Report's birth first name, Domenico, is derived from Italian fashion designer, . Domenico Dolce
Enrico Pucci, Weather Report, and Perla Pucci's surname is derived from Florentine fashion designer, Emilio Pucci
Atroe's name is derived from Italian fashion brand . Etro
Foo Fighters mentions the theories of astronomer , who affirms that there exists a preexisting intellect to the cosmos. Fred Hoyle  During her battle against Viviano Westwood, Jolyne Cujoh quotes Frederick Langridge's quote "Two men look out through the same bars. One sees the wall, and the other the stars." 
The original title of Stone Ocean - Chapter 60, Fight Club, is a reference to the film and book of the same name.
D an G's favorite movie is . Showgirls Affected by
Jail House Lock, Jolyne watches some movies while suffering from amnesia. She is seen watching and questioning the actions of Johnny Depp's character. Later she spoils the ending of From Hell . The Sixth Sense The notes she makes for herself are a reference to the movie  . Memento The name of the story arc references the Japanese localization of Bruce Lee's Enter the Dragon's Dream ( 燃えよ, 竜の夢 ( ドラゴンズ・ドリーム ) Moe yo Doragonzu Dorīmu) . Enter The Dragon ( 燃えよドラゴン, Moe yo Doragon)
Jolyne spoiling the ending of Sixth Sense
SO Chapter 10, one of the prisoners is reading the novel Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (The Count of Monte Cristo) by . Alexandre Dumas
Donatello Versus' backstory is a reference to the book . Holes In the anime, a total of 7 real life book titles were displayed in the
G.D. Store, albeit with minor changes in their titles, covers and author names:
Bohemian Rhapsody is a Stand able to bring fictional characters into reality. Some characters from Manga and Comics were summoned. Among them: , Spider-Man , Kenshiro , Mazinger Z, Tetsuwan Atom (Astro Boy), Tetsujin 28 (Gigantor) and Giant Robo. Raoh The arc
There's Six of Us! bears a strong resemblance in name and initial plot to the short shojo manga and anime film . They Were Eleven In SO Chapter 145, Pucci tells Anasui he is more insignificant than flying around Sun Wukong 's palm, a reference to Buddha . Journey to the West
Emporio Alnino is named after the fashion line Armani . Emporio Armani
Gwess shares her name with the American clothing brand . Guess
Lang Wrangler's surname may reference the American jeans brand . Wrangler
Sports Maxx is named after the brand, Max Mara . Sportmax
Kenzou's Stand, Dragon's Dream, is named after 's publishing company. Roger Dean
Weather Report's adopted name, Wes Bluemarine is derived from the fashion line, Blumarine. Blufin
Perla Pucci's first name is derived from the Italian clothing brand . La Perla In
SO Chapter 25, when Thunder McQueen narrates how he accidentally shot a falling woman, the story references the infamous case of , a fictitious murder case about a person being fatally shot in the midst of a suicide attempt. Ronald Opus In
SO Chapter 78 Jolyne mentions the cartoon dog " ", saying that she heard of carrots shaped like the famous dog being discovered. Snoopy In
SO Volume 12's cover artwork, Emporio is wearing buttons referencing the ' and Chicago Cubs 's logos, while Jolyne wears a button with Major League Baseball on it. Mickey Mouse
Bohemian Rhapsody is a Stand able to bring fictional characters into reality. Some characters from Popular Tales were summoned. Among them: , Mickey Mouse, E.T., Mother Goat, Snow White and the Pinocchio , Seven Dwarves , Peter Pan , Little Red Riding Hood and Tinker Bell . The Big Bad Wolf When the 7 dwarves are summoned, they mention
's T-2000 and Terminator 's Star Wars . Chewbacca In popular culture, The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 announced the end of the world at December of that same year. In the manga
Pucci succeeded in ending the actual world to create a new one. In
SO Episode 10, Jolyne uses a packet of gum to hide a couple of dollars, using it to bribe the lunch lady in order to use the prison's payphone. The packet of gum closely resembles a . Wrigley 's Chewing Gum In a Florida tourist guide book read by Anasui, the city of Orlando's Disney's and MGM, Magic Kingdom and Universal Studios are referenced. Sea World Theme Park 
References in Steel Ball Run
Zeppeli surname is named after the English rock band . Led Zeppelin
Sandman's given name is a reference to the song "Sandman" and/or the America song " Metallica ." Enter Sandman
Johnny Joestar's name could be a reference to the song by Johnny B. Goode . In Chuck Berry Chapter 30: Steel Ball Run Scary Monsters, Part 3, Gyro says a line to Johnny similarly to the song's chorus.
Steven Steel is named after musician . Stephen Stills
Pocoloco is named after " ", a composition by Un Poco Loco .
Bud Powell Being the alternate universe counterpart of
Dio, Diego Brando retains the reference to .
Ronnie James Dio
Lucy Steel's name could be a reference to song The Beatles . Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds Some of the other horses and racers in the race have names referencing songs.
Mountain Tim's name may be a reference to the song
by Mountain Jam .
The Allman Brothers Band
Mrs. Robinson is named after , by the song of the same name .
Simon & Garfunkel The three racers killed by the Boomboom family are named for musicians
, Jay Fagen (both from Walter Carl Becker ) and Steely Dan (from Steve Lukather ). Toto All three members of the
Boomboom Family are named from different parts of 's name. André Lauren Benjamin The Boomboom Family's horses are named for the
songs Jimi Hendrix , Foxy Lady , and Crosstown Traffic .
Oyecomova is named after the song from the Latin jazz and mambo musician Oye Como Va (famously covered by Tito Puente ). Santana
Pork Pie Hat Kid, and his Stand Wired, are repeated references to 's cover of the song " Jeff Beck " from Goodbye Pork Pie Hat . Wired Johnny's
Stand is a reference to 's song and album Fleetwood Mac . Tusk The third stage of the
Steel Ball Run race, "Rocky Mountain Breakdown," is a reference to the song of the same name. Poco Mt. Footloose is a direct reference to the song
by Footloose . Kenny Loggins
Dr. Ferdinand is named after the band, .
Hot Pants is based on the song of the performed by same name .
James Brown Both
Gaucho and his horse, Peg, are named after songs of the Steely Dan same . name
Ringo Roadagain is named after musician and the Ringo Starr song " Willie Nelson ".
On the Road Again His Stand and his ideology of a "man's world" are in reference to 's song, Jerry Wallace Mandom - The World of the Man, localized in English as The Lovers of the World. The song was created for a 1970 commercial starring , which advertised Charles Bronson , a Japanese male grooming products company. Mandom
Blackmore is named after guitarist Deep Purple .
Sandman's Stand is a reference to 's album " Miles Davis ." In a Silent Way
Sugar Mountain is named for the by song . Neil Young
TATOO YOU! references the of the same name by album . The Rolling Stones
Mike O. is named after progressive Rock musician .
Wekapipo's name is based on the single "Wake Up People" by .
Magent Magent is also named in a single of , "Magenta Magenta."
Axl RO is named after ' frontman " Guns N' Roses ."
Axl Rose The arc
Both Sides Now is named after the song " Joni Mitchell ." Both Sides, Now
Funny Valentine is a reference to famous Jazz slow tune " ."
My Funny Valentine
D-I-S-C-O and Chocolate Disco reference the song " " by Chocolate Disco . Perfume Lucy's
Stand is named after the by The Beatles. song of the same name The S.S. Blue Hawaii is named after the
song Elvis Presley . Blue Hawaii
D4C Love Train is named after the song O'Jays . Love Train
Gyro Zeppeli's Stand is named after the Album and song AC/DC . Ballbreaker The
High Voltage arc is a reference to the AC/DC . song of the same name The artwork Araki drew for the cover of the Ultra Jump May 2011 Issue is a reference to the album art of Progressive Rock Band ' album, Yes . This album contains the song, " Fragile Roundabout", which happens to be the first ending of the anime.
Gyro Zeppeli's gag from
Chapter 63 is a combination reference of a well known Russian folk song, , in Japan, as well as a gag by the Japanese comedian One Week ( 一週間) Atsumu Watanabe who becomes silly whenever he says a number that is a multiple of 3 or contains a 3. Funny Valentine's "napkin" analogy is inspired from a similar analogy made by to explain the principle of Yoichiro Nambu . Symmetry breaking 
References in JoJolion
A Coda album behind the chair in Daiya's room
Daiya is shown to own the albums
by Coda , The World Became the World by Led Zeppelin , and Premiata Forneria Marconi by Fragile . Yes  Daiya asks Josuke to sing
's Queen , while on their way to the store. Bicycle Race  Yasuho's Stand is named after Prince's
. Paisley Park
Kei Nijimura's Stand is named after 's Lady Gaga and song "Born This Way", though was originally named after album 's hit single The Jam . Going Underground
Shakedown Road (alternatively known as "Shakedown Street", a possible reference to the ) is also known as Grateful Dead . Dead Man's Curve The Stand
Les Feuilles is possibly named after the song or Les Feuilles Mortes, a poem by Autumn Leaves . Jacques Prévert
Joshu Higashikata's Stand Nut King Call is named after jazz artist . Nat King Cole
Tsurugi's Stand Paper Moon King is named after the song by Nat King Cole. "It's Only a Paper Moon" Within the Sesame Honey Cafe, there are various fake music albums with covers that reference real ones. One in particular features the Dropout Bear found on Kanye West's album,
, while another features the Inner Knot from King Crimson's The College Dropout . Discipline 
Norisuke's Stand King Nothing is named after the . Metallica song of the same name
Yotsuyu's Stand I Am a Rock is named after the Simon & Garfunkel song . Yotsuyu himself says a line from the song, "I am a Rock, I am an Island." of the same name  Jobin's Stand
Speed King is named after the Deep Purple song . of the same name
Aisho Dainenjiyama's Stand Doobie Wah! is named after the song Peter Frampton . Doobie Wah Karera's Stand name is a combination of Part 4's Yukako Yamagishi's Stand, who's name is based off an
by the British R&B group Sade, and the Japanese phrase, "Love-Love." album The
A. Phex Brothers' moniker is a reference to electronic musician , while their Stands' names' likely reference one of the artist's songs, Aphex Twin . Schottkey 7th Path
Tamaki Damo's Stand Vitamin C is named after the song of the same name. His last name is derived from Can , the former vocalist of the band, Damo Suzuki . The first name "Tamaki" was chosen as a reference to the band itself as the kanji can also be read as "Kan". Can This reading is also reflected in the name of Damo's cleaning service.  The Stand
Milagroman takes its name from either the song and album Santana , the Milagro song, Elvis Costello , or the Miracle Man song Ozzy Osbourne Miracle Man Dolomite's Stand
Blue Hawaii is named after the album Elvis Presley . of the same name
Rai Mamezuku's name is likely from the Japanese pronunciation of by When Mermaids Cry . Eagle-Eye Cherry Mamezuku's Stand,
Doggy Style, is likely named after the album, Snoop Dogg . Doggystyle The character
Urban Guerrilla is likely named after the . Hawkwind song of the same name Urban Guerrilla's Stand,
Brain Storm, is likely named after the . Hawkwind song of the same name The character
Doremifasolati Do is likely named after the Hawkwind album, . Doremi Fasol Latido The character
Poor Tom is likely a reference to the . Led Zeppelin song of the same name Poor Tom's Stand,
Ozon Baby, is likely named after the Led Zeppelin song, . Ozone Baby The character
Wu Tomoki and his Stand Doctor Wu are a reference to the . Steely Dan song of the same name
Toru is shown listening to by Crazy Train and Ozzy Osbourne 's cover of Elvis Presley on his iPod. The Wonder of You  Toru's stand,
Wonder of U is also a reference to 's cover of Elvis Presley .
The Wonder of You
Chapter 98's cover is a reference to the album cover of by Coda . Led Zeppelin
Do Do Do, De Da Da Da's name is likely based after song, The Police . De Do Do Do, De Da Da Da
Chapter 99 features a panel which bears visual similarity to the album cover of Led Zepplin's album . Houses of the Holy
Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da's name is likely based after song, The Beatles . Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da
Kaato Higashikata's Stand, Space Trucking may reference the song, Deep Purple . Space Truckin'
Chapter 109's title and 110's Ultra Jump title, as well as the character Radio Gaga, are likely a reference the song, Queen . Radio Ga Ga
Volume 21's title, the The Wonder of You story arc, and Toru's Stand, Wonder of U, are all likely a reference to the song Ray Peterson or the The Wonder of You cover. Elvis Presley
Volume 23's title is the Japanese name for 's Led Zeppelin . Whole Lotta Love Volume 24's Cover is a reference to the Vinyl Promotional Poster Led Zeppelin III
When Yasuho and Josuke come to Yoshikage Kira's home, they see a naked woman bathing in a way similar to the room 237 scene of Stanley Kubrick's The Shining.
When Yasuho is in the basement of the Higashikata residence with Tsurugi, there is a poster on the back wall of the film,
, starring Bruce Lee. Enter the Dragon The original title of the
"Shakedown Road" story arc, Trouble with the Curve, is a reference to the movie, . The movie stars Clint Eastwood, one of Araki's favorite actors. Trouble with the Curve When Josuke drags Yasuho into the Higashikata's family photo, it resembled the family photo scene in The Godfather where Michael Corleone drags Kay into the photo. Also, when Norisuke realizes one of his sons is missing, he decides to not take the picture like the way Vito Corleone acted when he noticed Michael was missing.
Every Day Is a Summer Vacation" story arc and JJL Volume 8's title with the same name are likely named after the film, . It's a Summer Vacation Everyday In
JJL Chapter 50, a young Yoshikage Kira tells his mother that he wants to see the movie . Titanic In the
Milagroman story arc, Joshu Higashikata watches a "pirate movie" featuring , referencing the Johnny Depp franchise. Pirates of the Carribean  Yasuho Hirose's flashback in
JJL Chapter 71 takes inspiration from the American crime drama film " ". In the movie, the protagonist Vincent Hanna has a stepdaughter (named Lauren) whom he has difficulty connecting with. In the movie, Lauren is distressed because she lost her barrettes and thinks she's going to miss a date with Vincent. Lauren will later attempt suicide by slitting her arms in the bathtub. In Heat JoJolion, Yasuho finds herself in similar situations, losing the Hair Clip and getting mad because she will miss her weekend with her father, and then trying to kill herself in a similar fashion.
Satoru Akefu facing the corner of the hospital room in Chapter 97 may reference the final scene of . The Blair Witch Project In Chapter 99, from Sadako Yamamura franchise is depicted amongst human examples of human women. The Ring
JJL Chapter 11 when Josuke uses his bubbles to shave, there are some references to Kinnikuman. Josuke also uses Soft & Wet to steal the fur off a cat whose head bears the kanji for meat (肉), another reference to Kinnikuman. The inside of the Higashikata bunker is filled with several toys and memorabilia, including figures of and Ultraman . Astro Boy 
Monkey D. Luffy plush-doll and Tony Tony Chopper.
References in The JOJOLands
Jodio Joestar's name may be a reference to . Ronnie James Dio
Jodio Joestar's Stand, November Rain, is likely named after the song by November Rain . Guns N' Roses
Dragona Joestar's Stand, Smooth Operators, is likely named after the song by Smooth Operator . Sade In
Chapter 1, Jodio Joestar mentions that Dragona Joestar was listening to in the car. Dua Lipa
Barbara Ann Joestar is likely named after the song by Barbara Ann , popularized by The Regents . The Beach Boys
Paco Laburantes's Stand, THE Hustle, is likely named after the song by The Hustle or the Van McCoy and the Soul City Symphony by song . The Pharcyde The shop owned by
Meryl Mei Qi, Iko Iko, is likely named after the song by Iko Iko . James "Sugar Boy" Crawford and his Cane Cutters
Usagi Alohaoe is named after the Hawaiian folk song , written by Aloha 'Oe and famously covered by Liliʻuokalani for the Elvis Presley movie soundtrack. Blue Hawaii Usagi Alohaoe's Stand, THE MATTEKUDASAI, is likely named after the song by Matte Kudasai . King Crimson
The opening scene of
Chapter 2 resembles the opening scene of of the eighth episode of the second season TV show " AMC ". In this episode, a seemingly normal man tries to buy drugs from one of the characters, Badger, who immediately suspects him to be an undercover police officer and some nearby vans to be part of his team. The man explains to Badger that police officers are obligated to disclose their identity if asked, and urges Badger to do so to clear any doubts. The man swears he isn't one, to which Badger proceeds to sell him the drugs. The man then reveals that he is in fact a police officer, pulling out his gun and badge and arresting Badger, as the vans are revealed to be from the police as well. Breaking Bad In Chapter 2, Usagi Alohaoe suggests using color code names, giving himself the codename 'Blue' and Dragona Joestar as 'Pink'. This may be a reference to the aliases used by the characters played by and Edward Bunker respectively in the Steve Buscemi film, " Quentin Tarantino ".
Reservoir Dogs Further parallels can also be drawn with the movie being about a botched robbery at a jewelry store.
Spin-offs and Other Works
References in Spin-offs and Other Works
Poker Under Arms, the word "Poco" is written on the bottle on Don Peckinpah and Harper's table, referencing the band . Poco In
Say Hi to Virginia page 5, scattered papers make references to American musician and the album "Dada" by the group Randy Meisner .
Vinegar Joe In page 28, another paper references . The Band In
Chapter 3: Cool Shock B.T. The Prank Corpse Incident, the character Date is said to have musical ability comparable to . Paul McCartney In
Chapter 5: Cool Shock B.T. The Dinosaur Fossil Thief Incident, from page 15 onward, several words are written on the crates in the storage room. "Poco" refers to the band ; "TomP" refers to Poco ; REO refers to Tom Petty . REO Speedwagon In
Gorgeous Irene, the mob boss Lauper's name is inspired by . Cindy Lauper In
Deadman's Questions, Kira discovers records of 's Franz Schubert and Schwanengesang 's concerto no.27. Mozart In
Episode 2: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan Mutsu-kabe Hill, Rohan goes bankrupt and has to sell several of his possessions, including his record sleeves. Led Zeppelin In
Episode 4: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan The Harvest Moon, Mitsu Mochizuki asks Noboru if they can play music in backyard like the song by Sen no Kaze ni Natte .
Masafumi Akikawa In
Fujiko's Bizarre Worldly Wisdom -Whitesnake's Miscalculation-, Fujiko Fujiyama's stand is named after the song, Lady Gaga . Bad Romance Introduced in Crazy Diamond's Demonic Heartbreak, the parrot Pet Sounds is named after the album, The Beach Boys . Pet Sounds
Poker Under Arms, Don Peckinpah's name is inspired by American film director . Sam Peckinpah In
Chapter 0: Cool Shock B.T. B.T. "The Wicked Boy", Koichi Mugikari wears a sweater with "De Palma" written on it, a reference to the American film director . Brian De Palma B.T.'s watch has "Hitchcock" written on it, which refers to the English filmmaker . Alfred Hitchcock In
Chapter 3: Cool Shock B.T. The Prank Corpse Incident, BT wears an outfit inspired by Alex's outfit in . His puppet wears a similar outfit
A Clockwork Orange In
Chapter 5: Cool Shock B.T. The Dinosaur Fossil Thief Incident, page 13, the word "Gorgo" can be read on the floor near a big dinosaur skeleton. It references the 1961 monster movie . Gorgo In
Chapter 2: Baoh the Visitor The Extermination Order!, p5, the 22nd has a tag saying "Scarface", referencing the movie .
Scarface The tailpiece of
Chapter 5: Baoh the Visitor Grandpa Rokusuke features Ikuro wearing a jacket with "Phantom of the Paradise" written on it. It references the 1974 movie . Phantom of the Paradise In
Episode 4: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan The Harvest Moon, Takeru Mochizuki mentions he wants to watch the 2011 film while sitting in the pool. Paul In
Dolce, and His Master, Masago's death, choking on his cat, is potentially a reference to the 1990 film Tales from the Darkside: The Movie In Crazy Diamond's Demonic Heartbreak, Ryoko Kakyoin compares Josuke's hairstyle to that of as Rachel in Ridley Scott's cult film Sean Young Blade Runner
Poker Under Arms page 3, the word "Eastwood" can be read on a sign in the background. It references the American actor Clint Eastwood. BT's name is inspired by
. Buichi Terasawa In
Chapter 2: Baoh the Visitor The Extermination Order!, p7, a sign references American makeup effect artist . Rick Baker In
Chapter 3: Cool Shock B.T. The Prank Corpse Incident, the character Date is said to be as handsome as and have James Dean 's humor. Woody Allen In
Chapter 5: Cool Shock B.T. The Dinosaur Fossil Thief Incident, page 20, several words are written on the crates in the storage room. "John Landis" refers to American film director . John Landis In
Chapter 6: Cool Shock B.T. The Eerie Freckled Boy Incident, page 7 and 8, the names and John Landis are written on Koichi and B.T.'s chairs. De Palma In
Rohan au Louvre, Gaucher mentions Corsican/French Emperor . Napoleon In
Episode 9: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan The Run, Yoma Hashimoto works near Japanese actors and Takeru Satoh . Go Ayano In Episode 9: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan The Run, Mika Hayamura likens Yoma's physique to that of in Brad Pitt . Fight Club
Chapter 3: Cool Shock B.T. The Prank Corpse Incident, Koichi mentions the story of . Hoichi the Earless In
Chapter 4: Cool Shock B.T. The Two Old Guys Incident, Koichi and BT have a Red Line bicycle, referencing the . Redline bicycles In
Chapter 2: Baoh the Visitor The Extermination Order!, p16, the heroes arrive at a "Usso" gas station, which is a reference to the brand.
Esso A sign references the
brand. Coca-Cola Sumire examines a "Mejo" chocolate, referencing the Meiji chocolate brand. In
Chapter 4: Baoh the Visitor Evil Beast Martin, p16 a chocolate brand named "Nilky" can be seen. It references the Japanese candy brand Milky and its mascot "Peko-chan". In the
series, Rohan often interacts with editors from Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan . Weekly Shonen Jump In
Episode 16: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan At a Confessional, the church in which Rohan visits a confessional is or is inspired by the Basilica de . Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice In
Episode 5: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan Millionaire Village, Rohan and Izumi spot an store (a famous department store chain) in Isetan Millionaire Village. In
Episode 6: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan Poaching Seashore, Rohan mentions that the design of envelopes is based on thinly-peeled abalone. Noshi In
Episode 4: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan The Harvest Moon, Noboru Mochizuki mentions the when talking about his Battle of Sekigahara family's history. In
Episode 9: Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan The Run, Yoma Hashimoto becomes the avatar of the Olympian god , god of muscle. Hermes In
Deadman's Questions, is shown on a newspaper that turns 40. Barbie In Deoxyribonucleic Acid (TV Drama), a can of coffee bears the brand "JoJoea", which is a nod to both the JoJo's Bizarre Adventure series and the brand of canned drinks Georgia.
References in The Genesis of Universe
References in Golden Heart, Golden Ring
References in The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp
References in The Book: 4th Another Day
The Book's namesake is inspired by the music duo . The Books Each chapter is introduced by an excerpt of
, a mass of the Catholic Church offered for the repose of the deceased.
Chapter 1 begins with the first verses of Requiem.
Chapter 2 begins with the part. Dies irae
Chapter 3 begins with the Confutatis, a latin hymn which is also part of requiem mass
Chapter 4 begins with the Lacrimosa, the last segment of Dies irae. Final Chapter begins with the Communio/Lux aeterna. In Chapter 2, Takuma gets in a traffic accident, It was due to Takuma walking carelessly while remembering the piece he had heard during music time.
Chapter 2, Akari Hirai while trapped between the two buildings hears a muffled melody she recognizes as Mozart In Chapter 4, Takuma while reliving his memories with his mother hears intermittent music, He would later figure out it was that it was music Mozart's
References in Purple Haze Feedback
The beginning of the novel features a lyric from the song
by Snakecharmer . Rage Against The Machine
Sheila E's name is inspired by American percussionist, singer, author, and actress . Sheila E.
Angelica Attanasio's name is inspired by British-Italian singer-songwriter .
Vittorio Cataldi's name is inspired by Italian singer-songwriter and composer . Marianna Cataldi
Vladimir Kocaqi's name is inspired by Albanian cellist Vladimir Kocaqi. All of the Stands featured in
Purple Haze Feedback have names inspired by songs by .
Jimi Hendrix During her introduction scene, Angelica Attanasio hums
Vitti 'na crozza, a famous Sicilian song.
 Chapter 1 of the book is named after Vitti 'na crozza. Chapter 2 of the book is named by the Neapolitan song
Me voglio fà 'na casa.  Chapter 3 of the book is named by the Neapolitan song '
A vucchella.  Chapter 4 of the book is named by the Neapolitan song
Tu ca nun chiagne.  During a flashback, Bucciarati and Fugo discuss about songs. They mention the
albums Miles Davis and Bitches Brew 's soundtrack. Elevator to the Gallows  Chapter 5 of the book is named by the Sicilian song
Mi votu e mi rivotu.  Chapter 7 of the book is named by the Neapolitan song
Luna Nova.  Chapter 8 of the book is named by the Neapolitan song '
O surdato 'nnammurato.
 Trish Una can be heard over the radio singing the song. Fugo hears the Neapolitan song by composer Te voglio bene assaje . Gaetano Donizetti 
Sheila E says the E in her name stands for the
, mythological figures also known as The Furies. Erinyes  Giorno is seen reading
Politicita di Michelangelo by Italian writer . Giorgio Spini  In a flashback, Bucciarati reads . The Prince 
References in JORGE JOESTAR
Several Stands which appear in the novel have their namesakes inspired from various films:
Tsukumojuku explains the solution to the fifteen locked room murders to Jorge Joestar , 37 Javier Cortes's ability to enter people's dreams reminds Jorge of . Inception When Jorge Joestar
meets 37 Penelope de la Rosa, she mentions the legend of the gremlins, which reminds Jorge of the horror movie , directed by Gremlins and produced by Joe Dante . Steven Spielberg Vincent Lecoeur's namesake is the French actor
Vincent Lecoeur. When Jorge encounters the skin zombies, he says they are totally unlike the living dead featured in 's films. George A. Romero
Namahage Detective's namesake is the Japanese demon-like creature
. Namahage The murders of several detective are set to remind witnesses of various Japanese folk tales:
Nekoneko Nyan Nyan Nyan's death is based on the tales of
. Momotarō Sachiari Hakkyoku's death is based on the tale of
. Urashima Tarō Tsukumojuku's death is based on the tale of . Kintarō The Mothman is inspired by the legend of the
. Mothman When George becomes a pilot, he hears rumours about . Gremlins
Tsukumojuku Kato, who appeared in multiple other works by
Otaro Maijo, is based on , a character from Juku Tsukumo ( 九十九 十九, Tsukumo Jūku) 's Ryūsui Seiryōin . JDC Series
Guruguru Majin is based on the character by the same name from Otaro Maijo's . His namesake is the manga Asura Girl . Magical Circle Guru Guru Tsukumojuku asks George is he's read the works of
and mentions the short story Edgar Allan Poe . The Murders in the Rue Morgue When George begins to read more novel, he reads the adventures of
, Sherlock Holmes , Charles Dickens , Oscar Wilde , Emily Brontë and notably H. G. Wells , The Time Machine , The Island of Doctor Moreau and The Invisible Man . The War of the Worlds When Jorge investigates the murders of several detectives, Rohan and Jorge mention the fantasy manga
. GeGeGe no Kitarō They also mention the manga
through the title's shortened version Little Ghost Q-Taro Obake-Q. Jorge mentions
when investigating Tsukumojuku's murder. Ellery Queen In the 37th Universe, humanity as sent a crewed spaceship named the
towards Mars. H. G. Wells Giorno and Diavolo's split personality disorder is compared to The
by Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde . Robert Louis Stevenson Pucci cites the Bible, specifically the 2 Kings 20-7, linking the mention of figs in the psalm to the "fig tart" in the 14-words-long password of Dio.
Antonio Torres' namesake is the Spanish musician
Antonio de Torres Jurado His parents Alejandro Torres and Maria Torres are inspired by Antonio de Torres Jurado's parents, respectively Juan Torres and Maria Jurado. Nekoneko Nyan Nyan's namesake is the Japanese song Nekoneko Nyan Nyan.
Tsukumojuku Kato's family's namesakes are varied:
His mother Serika's namesake is the
. Toyota Celica Her youngest son Seshiru is the Japanese fashion brand
Cecil McBee. The Eyed Balloon is compared to the painting The Eye Like a Strange Balloon Mounts Toward Infinity, a painting from French painter . It is also compared to Japanese manga artist Odilon Redon 's character, the yokai Backbeard. Mizuki Shigeru
References in Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan: Short Story Collection
References in rey infinito
JOJO A-GO!GO! artbook includes several images of different characters and stands having a dance party, with the artwork being captioned with "Let's Dance". This is a possible reference to the David Bowie and song Let's Dance. album
Love Note's name, appearance, and ability are inspired by the from the manga series of the same name. Death Note The voice of
Mikey the Micman is described to be similar to that of the musician . Sting The stand
Remote Romance from the JoJo Exhibition 2012 is named after the song of the same name. Camel
Dija Maker from is named after the song Escape From JoJo's Bizarre Mansion by the band D'yer Mak'er . His stand, Led Zeppelin House of Holy is named after the album also by Houses of the Holy . Led Zeppelin The stand
Smallfaces from is named after the English rock band, Escape From JoJo's Bizarre Amusement Park . Small Faces The stand
The Shelter from is possibly named after the Escape From JoJo's Bizarre Museum song of the same name. Kerri Chandler The stand user
Moschino from is named after the Italian design house, Escape From JoJo's Bizarre Nightmare . Moschino
Moschino's stand, Tangerine Dream, is named after the German electronic music group, . Tangerine Dream
Fujiko Fujiyama's stand, Bad Romance, is named after the song, Lady Gaga Bad Romance In
All-Star Battle's English localization, one of Joseph's lines references the movie by The Room . The line reads as "You are tearing me apart, Lisa Lisa!". Tommy Wiseau In Millionaire Village (TV Drama), Rohan Kishibe references a famous legend about . It is said that she once held a reception for an African chieftain, who mistakenly drank water from a finger washing bowl. To prevent her guest from being shamed, she also drank the water from her bowl. Queen Victoria
↑ 1.0 1.1
JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Phantom Blood videogame - Interview with Hirohiko Araki 2006
Joseph Joestar - Vol.1 "Shueisha Jump Remix Battle Tendency Edition" P44 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ 3.0 3.1
第２巻 (Volume 2), Pg. 323 JoJonium
↑ Chapter 35:
Pluck for Tomorrow and the Successor, Part 3
↑ Chapter 1:
↑ "Manga Art of Hirohiko Araki" p.99-102
↑ Chapter 46:
Joseph Joestar of New York, Part 2
Star Platinum - Vol.1 " Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P152 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ Chapter 120:
Noriaki Kakyoin, Part 3
↑ 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4
Justice - Vol.3 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P70 · 71 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3
Silver Chariot - Vol.2 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P66 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ Chapter 129:
Dark Blue Moon, Part 3
↑ Chapter 133:
Devil, Part 1
↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 Chapter 136:
Yellow Temperance, Part 1
↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3
Lovers - Vol.4 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P124 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ 17.0 17.1
Death 13 - Vol.5 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P152 The Secret of JOJO Characters
Interview: Billboard Japan (August 2021) - Interview with Hirohiko Araki on Prince
↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5
N'Doul's Geb - Vol.6 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P132 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ 20.0 20.1 20.2
Pet Shop's Horus - Vol.8 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P84 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ 21.0 21.1 21.2
The Miasma of the Void, Vanilla Ice - Vol.9 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P170 The Secret of JOJO Characters
↑ 22.0 22.1 Chapter 265:
The Faraway Journey, Farewell Friends
↑ Chapter 152:
Wheel of Fortune, Part 3
Hirohiko Araki Tokai Lecture
↑ 25.0 25.1 Chapter 166:
Sun, Part 1
↑ 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5
JOJOVELLER Stand Guide ( 『JOJOVELLER - STANDS』)
↑ Chapter 114:
Jotaro Kujo, Part 1
↑ Chapter 159:
Justice, Part 6
↑ Chapter 175:
Judgement, Part 2
↑ 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 30.4 30.5 30.6
Love Deluxe - Vol.14 "Shueisha Jump Remix Diamond is Unbreakable Edition" P86 The origin of STANDS! Part 2
↑ 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6
>Heaven's Door - Vol.16 "Shueisha Jump Remix Diamond is Unbreakable Edition P90 The origin of STANDS! Part 3
↑ 32.00 32.01 32.02 32.03 32.04 32.05 32.06 32.07 32.08 32.09 32.10
Harvest - Vol.17 "Shueisha Jump Remix Diamond is Unbreakable Edition" P106-107 The origin of STANDS! Part 4
Snoop Dogg's "Doggystyle" Comic
↑ Chapter 358:
Sheer Heart Attack, Part 5
↑ Chapter 342:
Yoshikage Kira Just Wants to Live Quietly, Part 1
↑ Chapter 411:
My Dad Is Not My Dad, Part 2
↑ Chapter 430:
Crazy Diamond Is Unbreakable, Part 3
↑ 38.0 38.1 Chapter 304:
Let's Go Eat Some Italian Food, Part 2
↑ 39.0 39.1 Chapter 325:
Let's Go Hunting!, Part 1
Chapter 242 Author's Note
↑ 41.0 41.1 Chapter 290:
Toshikazu Hazamada (Surface), Part 2
↑ Chapter 327:
Let's Go Hunting!, Part 3
↑ Chapter 593:
Sleeping Slaves (4)
↑ 44.0 44.1 『Comnavi』Vol.3「Interview&Graph」
Feelin' JOJO (February 1998)
↑ Chapter 440:
Gold Experience, Part 1
↑ Chapter 487:
Express Train to Florence, Part 2
↑ Chapter 448:
Meet the Gangster Behind the Wall, Part 1
↑ Chapter 449:
Meet the Gangster Behind the Wall, Part 2
↑ Chapter 577:
The Requiem Plays Quietly (6)
Chapter 84: Stone Ocean F.F. - The Witness, Part 2
Chapter 94: Stone Ocean Time for Heaven
Chapter 30: Stone Ocean There's Six of Us!, Part 5
Chapter 65: Stone Ocean The Secret of Guard Westwood, Part 6
Chapter 99: Stone Ocean Jail House Lock!, Part 4
Chapter 104: Stone Ocean Bohemian Rhapsody, Part 1
Chapter 87: Steel Ball Run Ball Breaker, Part 5
（ノーベル物理学賞に日本人３氏 素粒子の性質解明 – 毎日ｊｐ(毎日新聞)より）
Chapter 7: JoJolion Josuke, Go to the Higashikata Family
Chapter 9: JoJolion California King Bed, Part 2
Chapter 10: JoJolion California King Bed, Part 3
Chapter 25: JoJolion Paper Moon Deception, Part 3
Chapter 31: JoJolion "I Am a Rock", Part 1
JJL Volume 14: Author's Note
Chapter 97: JoJolion The Wonder of You, Part 14
Chapter 56: JoJolion Milagroman, Part 1
Chapter 24: JoJolion Paper Moon Deception, Part 2
Chapter 51: JoJolion Vitamin C and Killer Queen, Part 2
Chapter 90: JoJolion The Wonder of You, Part 7
↑ 70.0 70.1 70.2
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 1
↑ 71.0 71.1 71.2 71.3 71.4
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 2
↑ 72.0 72.1 72.2 72.3
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 3
↑ 73.0 73.1 73.2 73.3 73.4
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 4
↑ 74.0 74.1 74.2
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 5
↑ 75.0 75.1
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 7
↑ 76.0 76.1
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 8
↑ 77.0 77.1 77.2 77.3
Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 6
@ryoshigami (July 18, 2017), ", on Twitter. なおタイトルは作中で起こる不穏な事象から想起し、デヴィッド・ボウイのラストアルバムより。どうぞよろしくお願いいたします！"