Hirohiko Araki (荒木 飛呂彦 Araki Hirohiko, nascido 7 de Julho de 1960 em Sendai, Miyagi) é um Mangaká e autor de JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, do qual esse projeto de Wiki é baseado. Ele fez sua primeira aparição no mundo dos mangás sobre com o Toshiyuki Araki (荒木 利之 Araki Toshiyuki) em 1980 com seu one-shot Poker Under Arms, e começou sua carreira profissional com os curtos mangás Cool Shock B.T., Baoh, e Gorgeous Irene.
Seu trabalho em JoJo's Bizarre Adventure é divido em várias partes e continua sendo serializado por mais de 30 anos, com um total de 128 volumes (desde Outubro de 2020), circulando mais de 100 cópias (Julho de 2019). Seu estilo foi descrito como "experimental, porém definitivo."
- The Bottle (ザ・ボトル Za Botoru, 1977)
- Poker Under Arms (武装ポーカー Busō Pōkā, 5 de Janeiro de 1981)
- Say Hi to Virginia (バージニアによろしく Bājinia ni Yoroshiku, 1 de Agosto de 1981)
- Outlaw Man (アウトロー・マン Autorō Man, 10 de Janeiro de 1982)
- Cool Shock B.T." (魔少年ビーティー Mashōnen Bī Tī, 23 de Outubro de 1982-22 de Novembro de 1983)
- Baoh the Visitor (バオー来訪者 Baō Raihōsha, 9 de Outubro de 1984–12 de Fevereiro de 1985)
- Gorgeous Irene (ゴージャス☆アイリン Gōjasu Airin, 1985–1986)
- JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (ジョジョの奇妙な冒険 JoJo no Kimyō na Bōken, 1 de Janeiro de 1987-Até hoje)
- The Lives of Eccentrics (変人偏屈列伝 Henjin Henkutsu Retsuden, Junho de 1989-Agosto de 2003)
- Under Execution Under Jailbreak (死刑執行中脱獄進行中 Shikei Shikkōchū Datsugoku Shinkōchū, 11 de Janeiro de 1995)
- Dolce and His Master (ドルチ ～ダイ・ハード・ザ・キャット～ Doruchi Dai Hādo Za Kyatto, 2-16 de Outubro de 1996)
- Thus Spoke Kishibe Rohan (岸辺露伴は動かない Kishibe Rohan wa Ugokanai, 7 de Julho de 1997–Até hoje)
- Deadman's Questions (デッドマンズQ Deddomanzu Kuesuchonzu, 16 de Julho de 1999–21 de Julho de 1999)
- Oingo Boingo Brothers Adventure (オインゴとボインゴ兄弟 大冒険 Oingo to Boingo Kyōdai Daibōken, 1 de Outubro de 2002)
- Rohan at the Louvre (岸辺露伴 ルーヴルへ行く Kishibe Rohan Rūvuru e Iku, 19 de Março de 2010)
- Kishibe Rohan Meets Gucci (岸辺露伴 グッチへ行く Kishibe Rohan Gutchi e Iku, 23 de Agosto de 2011)
- Jolyne, Fly High with GUCCI (徐倫、GUCCIで飛ぶ Jorīn, Gutchi de Tobu, 22 de Dezembro de 2012)
- Famicom Jump II: Saikyo no Shichinin (February 1991, seventh boss monster design)
- Kamedas (1993, an alternate story of Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo, an illustration)
- JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (novel) (November 4, 1993, novel written by Mayori Sekijima and Hiroshi Yamaguchi, illustrated by Araki)
- JoJo6251 (December 10, 1993, art and guidebook)
- JOJO A-GO!GO! (February 25, 2000, artbook)
- Music is the Key of Life (December 13, 2000, album by Sugiurumn, cover illustration)
- GioGio's Bizarre Adventure II: Golden Heart, Golden Ring (May 28, 2001, novel written by Gichi Ōtsuka and Tarō Miyashō, supervised and illustrated by Araki)
- Life Ground Music (February 27, 2002, album by Sugiurumn, cover illustration)
- Alex Rider Series (女王陛下の少年スパイ!アレックス) (2002-2007, cover illustration)
- Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo (2006, 30th anniversary special illustration)
- "Catwalk" (April 26, 2006, single by SOUL'd OUT, cover illustration)
- Uniqlo (2006, T-shirt design)
- Fist of the North Star (January 8, 2007, special tribute illustration in Weekly Comic Bunch)
- Cell (September 7, 2007, front cover illustration)
- The Book: JoJo's Bizarre Adventure 4th Another Day (November 26, 2007, novel written by Otsuichi, supervised and illustrated by Araki)
- The Dancing Girl of Izu (2008, cover illustration)
- "Breeeeze Girl" (June 24, 2009, a single by Base Ball Bear, cover illustration of the limited edition)
- Naruto (2009, 10th anniversary special illustration)
- Hirohiko Araki's Super-Favorites! Rules of Movies (荒木飛呂彦の超偏愛! 映画の掟 Araki Hirohiko no Chō Hen'ai! Eiga no Okite, May 17, 2011)
- Hirohiko Araki's Bizarre Horror Movie Analysis (荒木飛呂彦の奇妙なホラー映画論 Araki Hirohiko no Kimyō na Hora Eiga Ron, June 17, 2011)
- Purple Haze Feedback (September 16, 2011, novel written by Kouhei Kadono, illustrated by Araki)
- JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Over Heaven (December 16, 2011, novel written by Nisio Isin, cover illustration)
- Lacan for Survival (生き延びるためのラカン Ikinobiru Tame no Rakan, 2012, Tamaki Saitō's book about Jacques Lacan, cover of the paperback edition)
- JORGE JOESTAR (September 19, 2012, novel written by Ōtarō Maijō, cover illustrated by Araki)
- X-Cross (September 19, 2012, an album by Sayuri Ishikawa, cover illustration)
- HIROHIKO ARAKI WORKS 1981-2012 (2012, artbook)
- JOJOmenon (October 5, 2012, artbook)
- JOJOVELLER (September 19, 2013, artbook set)
- JoJonium (December 4, 2013 - March 4, 2015, covers of the large format re-release of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure)
- Main Themes (February 25, 2015, an album by Akira Senju, cover illustration)
- Hirohiko Araki's Manga Technique (荒木飛呂彦の漫画術 Araki Hirohiko no Manga Jutsu, April 17, 2015)
Araki is often commented on for his unchanging youthful demeanor over the years. He cites training and swimming at the gym and Hitomebore rice as methods for staying fit while over the age of 50. In his 2007 Eureka Interview, he is complimented by Japanese psychologist and critic, Tamaki Saito, but states that the main reason he switched to a monthly serialization was from no longer being able to handle the weekly schedule. Araki has revealed that after he was operated for gastroenteritis, Araki realized that he could no longer completely devote himself to his manga and sought to enjoy life more and practice other activities such as travelling or cooking.
Araki is well known for his position on staying healthy. He enjoys going on walks and riding a bike, particularly to Japanese shrines, and has commended it as his coping mechanism when exhausted from work. He considers exercise as a great way to discipline one's self and that carrying too many things can be a burden; Araki will typically only carry a coat, water, and an iPod when going out.
Araki lost his ancestral house in Sendai during the Tōhoku earthquake. The house was destroyed by the tsunami following the earthquake, which shocked Araki.
Married to Asami Araki (荒木麻美 Araki Asami, nickname Chami), Araki is the father of two girls. A couple years after his debut, Araki met Asami in a group meet-up, and the two got married three months later.
Araki grew up in Sendai, Japan with his parents and younger identical twin sisters. He cites his sisters' annoyances as the reason he spent time alone in his room reading classic manga from the '70s, such as Ai to Makoto, and his father's collection of art books, which Araki assumes informed his motive for drawing manga. He was particularly influenced by the work of French artist Paul Gauguin.
Araki drew his very first manga while he was in fourth grade. He attended a prep school through junior high and high school, which was where a friend complimented him on a manga he drew for the first time. Ever since, he began to draw manga in secret of his parents.
He began submitting work to publishers during his first year at Tohoku Gakuin Tsutsujigaoka High School; however, all of his submissions were rejected. Araki also applied his works to the Tezuka Awards, having at one point been nominated in the 14th edition in 1977 for a one-shot named "The Bottle" then submitted under the name Toshi Arakino (荒木之利 Arakino Toshi). At the same time, other artists who were around his age continued to make big splashes with their debuts (Ex: Yudetamago, Masakazu Katsura). Araki could not understand why he was being rejected, so one day in 1979, he decided to pay a visit to an editorial department in Tokyo for direct feedback on his most recently finished work. At first, he intended to visit Shogakukan, which published Weekly Shōnen Sunday, but was intimidated by the size of their building, and decided to take his submission into the smaller Shueisha (Publishers of Weekly Shonen Jump) building next door. It was noon when he visited, but one rookie editor named Ryosuke Kabashima happened to be there. Kabashima, after reading the first page, promptly quipped "your white-out's leaked (You haven't fixed it)": he was criticized every time the editor flipped through each page. Araki, exhausted from having been up all night, felt like he was going to pass out, but was told to fix it up for the Tezuka Awards. Months later, Araki would submit a one-shot by the name of "Poker Under Arms", which won the runner up prize at the Tezuka Awards.
Araki left Miyagi University of Education before graduating, and made his debut in 1980 with the aforementioned one-shot Poker Under Arms. He did graduate from the Sendai Design College. His first serialization in Weekly Shonen Jump was Cool Shock B.T. in 1983, with his works Baoh the Visitor (1984) and Gorgeous Irene (1984) following soon after. His next series would become his magnum opus, 1986's JoJo's Bizarre Adventure.
JoJo's Bizarre Adventure
- Main article: JoJo's Bizarre Adventure
The JoJo's Bizarre Adventure series brought fame to Araki as its popularity skyrocketed during the publication of Stardust Crusaders and Araki kept working on the series even after the end of the third part, which was the end of what he had planned for the stories beforehand.
The dust jacket of every volume of JoJo contains a note to the reader; a relatively great source of Araki's direct opinions.
Style and Influences
Araki's drawing commonly involves idealized figures in broad, expressive poses at adventurous scales and angles; with sharply inked lines and scattered, blackened planes; lending them a sculptural effect. In color illustrations and pages, Araki varies roughly complementary color juxtapositions.
In terms of cartooning, a comparison can be drawn between Phantom Blood, Battle Tendency, and Stardust Crusaders (1987 - '92) and the hypermasculine (and highly dimorphic) anatomical ideals applied by Tetsuo Hara in Fist of the North Star, and referenced by Araki in relation to action heroes of the 1980s. Diamond is Unbreakable ('92 - '96) marks a transition to a more intersexual model; while Steel Ball Run (2004 - '11) sees greater realism, along with further incorporation of ideals of beauty consistent with the mode in fashion design. When he started JoJolion (2011–present day), Araki expressed a will to draw in a looser style and things he never drew before. Hence, he says, he bust shots and increased the amount of white panels and included more white elements in his drawings, in contrast to the darkness of his style present in previous works.
Reference to illustrations by artists including Antonio Lopez and Tony Viramontes informs a number of individual illustrations and character poses in Araki's work from 1987 - 1992; decreasing from then along with increased use of photographic references. Limited examples of costumes borrowed from contemporary fashion design have been identified.
As a film fan, In the 1980s Araki noted the popularity of action movies and the muscular physiques characteristic of their stars (such as Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone). By this example, Araki would ponder; "Who is the strongest person in the world?". Subjects such as immortality and justice occurred to him as things that humans innately value and seek. Araki had also been on a trip to Italy two years prior to the creation of Part 1: Phantom Blood, where he identified the exaltation of overt human beauty characteristic of renaissance art. Araki was particularly struck by the aesthetic of the sculpture Apollo and Daphne by Italian sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The baroque sculpture's striking figures and realistic yet idealized bodies stuck in remarkable poses inspired Araki to heavily incorporate poses in his art and develop his own style. Araki would combine these examples in the formulation of the basic plot and visual style of Phantom Blood.
Araki has described his drawing method as "classical". He has indicated admiration for Leonardo da Vinci in the text of the manga and otherwise; and in a video feature in JOJOVELLER, he is seen making visual reference to a book of Michelangelo's work during the construction of a piece.
Manga that Araki has named as admirable or having had particular influence on him include Ai to Makoto by Ikki Kajiwara and Takumi Nagayasu, the most significant of his youth; Ore wa Teppei by Tetsuya Chiba, which inspired him while in middle school to join the kendo club; and Babel II by Mitsuteru Yokoyama, particularly influential for the concept of combat defined by special rules or laws.
Araki has authored a book on the subject of Horror film and its influence on his work.
Araki has described his habit of naming characters and Stands after musicians and their works as "a simple hobby", and has indicated a strong preference for Western popular music.
Hirohiko Araki's Best 10 Characters - Author's Popularity Contest (作者人気投票キャラクターベスト10) from JOJO A-GO!GO! (2000) - Araki Hirohiko, p. 75
|1||Josuke Higashikata (東方 仗助)|
|2||Yoshikage Kira (吉良 吉影)|
|3||Bruno Bucciarati (ブローノ・ブチャラティ)|
|4||Vinegar Doppio & Diavolo (ドッピオとディアボロ)|
|5||Giorno Giovanna (ジョルノ・ジョバァーナ)|
|6||Joseph Joestar (ジョセフ・ジョースター)|
|7||Guido Mista (グイード・ミスタ)|
|8||Jotaro Kujo (空条 承太郎)|
|9||Shigekiyo Yangu (矢安宮 重清)|
"Hirohiko Araki's Favorite Illustrations Best 20" from JOJO A-GO!GO! (2000) - Araki Hirohiko, pp. 52–57
Araki's Top 10 manga he "ran to the bookstore for" (本屋に走ったマンガベスト10) from JOJO A-GO!GO! (2000) - Araki Hirohiko, p. 74
|1||Golgo 13: Serizawa Family Murder Case (ゴルゴ13芹沢家殺人事件)|
|2||Nijioyobu Ken (虹をよぶ拳)|
|3||Space Battleship Yamato (宇宙戦艦ヤマト) (Anime)|
|4||Dragon Ball (ドラゴンボール)|
|5||Kōya no Shōnen Isamu (荒野の少年イサム)|
|6||Dororo (どろろ) (Anime)|
|7||Tobaku Mokushiroku Kaiji (賭博黙示録カイジ)|
|8||Babel II (バビル2世)|
|9||Naniwa Kin'yūdō (ナニワ金融道)|
|10||Fist of the North Star (北斗の拳)|
"Araki's Favorite: Best Stands" from JOJO A-GO!GO! (2000) - STANDS, pp. 34–36
|2||The Grateful Dead|
|3||Killer Queen Bites the Dust|
|Stands (In no particular order)|
Araki's Most Watched Films - Best 10 (くり返し観た映画ベスト10！) from JOJO A-GO!GO! (2000) - Araki Hirohiko, p. 72
|3||Zombie (Dawn of the Dead)|
|4||The God Father I,II,III|
|6||It Happened One Night|
|8||Back to the Future|
|9||Dog Day Afternoon|
ARAKI'S BEST 20 SUSPENSE FILMS from Hirohiko Araki's Super-Favorites! Rules of Movies (2013)
|2||The Great Escape|
|7||Heaven Can Wait|
|11||The Bourne Identity|
|12||City of God|
|14||Eyes Wide Shut|
|15||The Butterfly Effect|
|16||Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World|
|21||Reservoir Dogs (Runner-Up)|
|1||Phosphorescent skeleton||(When it shines at night, it feels like I'm in a fairy tale.)|
|2||Bouncing ball||(This piece of rubber took me into a science-fiction universe.)|
|3||Resident Evil||(PlayStation) (It's so great!)|
|4||A Thunderbird II model||(I love the design and I find that the container's conception was very clever! I really had the impression I could go anywhere with this.)|
|5||Lego or Mega Bloks||(I spent whole days assembling and disassembling the piece to make new models. I think that Lego is the Western philosophy in its entirety.)|
|1||The Night of the Living Dead|
|3||Johnny Got His Gun|
|8||Lord of the Flies|
|9||Silence of the Lambs|
The "Best 20 Horror movies chosen by Hirohiko Araki" (From Hirohiko Araki's Bizarre Horror Movie Analysis)
|1||Zombie (‘78 director’s cut)|
|4||I Am Legend|
|7||Ring (TV version)|
|10||The Texas Chainsaw Massacre|
|13||28 Days Later|
|15||Sleeping With The Enemy|
|18||Funny Games (‘07 US remake)|
Araki's song choices for the "Back to 80s" Western Music Hits Parade on MTV Japan
|1||GUNS N' ROSES||Welcome to the jungle|
|3||DIRE STRAITS||Money for nothing|
|5||UB40||Red red wine|
|6||BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN||Dancing in the dark|
|7||U2||I still haven't found what I'm looking for|
|8||DONALD FAGEN||New Frontier|
|9||THE STYLE COUNCIL||Shout to the top|
|11||PRINCE||When doves cry|
|12||DAVID LEE ROTH||California Girls|
The Best 10 Painful Songs (せつない曲ベスト10) from JOJO A-GO!GO! (2000) - Araki Hirohiko
|1||Chicago||Wishing You Were Here|
|3||Vladimir Ashkenazy||Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 20|
|5||Miles Davis||Blue in Green|
|6||Nino Rota||Plein soleil|
|7||The Beatles||And I Love Her|
|8||Shawn Colvin||Wichita Skyline|
|9||Eric Clapton ft. Babyface||Change the World|
|10||The Stylistics||Only you|
Araki's Top 10 "Albums that make me cry"
|Led Zeppelin||Physical Graffiti|
|Various||Saturday Night Fever|
|Marvin Gaye||What's going on|
|Jackson Brownie||Late for the sky|
|Pink Floyd||Dark Side of the Moon|
|Sex Pistols||Never mind the Bollocks|
|Carpenters||Now & Then|
Hirohiko Araki's All-time Best 10 Clint Eastwood Films (荒木飛呂彦が選ぶイーストウッド作品オールタイムベスト 10) from JOJOmenon. They are not in any specific order.
|The Good, the Bad and the Ugly|
|Play Misty for Me|
|Escape from Alcatraz|
Araki's Top 10 Heroes (ヒーロー) from JOJO A-GO!GO! (2000) - Araki Hirohiko
Described as Araki's inspirations; those with the courage to innovate when it came to design or fashion. They are not in any specific order.
|Leonardo da Vinci|
- Araki's favorite book as a kid was The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
- On October 2011, Araki was deemed one of the 100 most influenfial people in Japan by the business magazine "Nikkei Business", in the category "creator".
- In 2012, Araki celebrated his 30th year as a manga artist and the 25th anniversary of JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure. A special exhibition was held in Sendai, Japan, which included the announcement for the TV Anime and All Star Battle.
- On November 30, 2016, Araki won the 45th Annual Best Dresser Awards in Tokyo in the "Academic and Cultural Arts" division. When questioned about his youthful appearance, Araki said that he washes his face every morning with Tokyo's tap water.
- Araki was given an art award for the year 2018 by the Agency for Cultural Affairs for his art exhibition Ripples of Adventure.