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Perfume is a Japanese techno-pop girl group originally from Hiroshima Prefecture, its members being Yuka Kashino (a.k.a. KASHIYUKA), Ayaka Nishiwaki (a.k.a. a~chan), and Ayano Omoto (a.k.a. NOCCHi). Kashino is open about her adoration for JoJo's Bizarre Adventure, incorporating iconic scenes from the manga in the group's performances and openly speaking of her fandom on Japanese television. Additionally, the band holds the distinction of being the only Japanese musical act which has a song used as the namesake of a Stand, namely Chocolate Disco.[a]


The group was formed in 2000 by Nishiwaki, Kashino, and former member Yuka Kawashima (河島 佑香, Kawashima Yuka) in the youth talent academy Actor's School Hiroshima. Because the three of them had the kanji for "fragrance" (, ka / kaori) in their names, they decided to name themselves after "perfume" (香水, kōsui). Although Kawashima left the group and was replaced by Omoto before they released any music, they kept the name "Perfume". They originally named themselves "Perfume" (ぱふゅ〜む, Pafyūmu) in hiragana as an homage to Okinawa-based girl group SPEED as both names contained 13 strokes when written.

In 2002 the group released their first two singles "OMAJINAI * Perori" and "Kareshi Boshūchū" locally in Hiroshima, and they began their work with their choreographer MIKIKO. After graduating from Actor's School Hiroshima in 2013, the three moved to Tokyo and were signed to the indie label Bee-Hive Records as "Perfume" written in English. At Bee-Hive they met Yasutaka Nakata of Capsule who became their producer, and with him they released 3 more singles: "Sweet Donuts", "Monochrome Effect", and "Vitamin Drop". After setting up shop in Tokyo's Akihabara neighborhood, the group recorded a song with Haruko Momoi as "Perfume × DJ momo-i" titled "Akihabalove". In September 2005, Perfume were signed to the major label Tokuma Japan Communications and released their next 3 singles with Nakata: "Linear Motor Girl" in 2005 followed by "Computer City" and "Electro World" in 2006. This was followed by their first album Perfume ~Complete Best~.

After releasing Complete Best, Perfume had planned on releasing one last single before leaving the music industry. In February 14, 2007, they released "Fan Service [sweet]" which included "Chocolate Disco" as its first track. Although the single did not do well commercially, it attracted the attention of J-pop singer Kaela Kimura who played "Chocolate Disco" repeatedly on her J-WAVE radio show OH! MY RADIO.[1] This then attracted the attention of television commercial producer Akira Tomotsugi who hired Perfume to appear in and perform a new song for what would be Japan's national public broadcaster NHK's national recycling campaign in July 2007.[2] The song "Polyrhythm" was released that year in September and became their first top 10 hit on the Oricon Charts, peaking at #4 on the Daily Charts and #7 on the Weekly Charts. They followed this up with the double A-side "Baby cruising Love"/"Macaroni" in January 2008 which reached #3 on the Oricon Weekly Charts. In April 2008, they released their first studio album GAME which debuted on the Oricon at #1, making them the second ever electronic music group in Japan to reach that feat since Yellow Magic Orchestra in 1983. GAME would eventually sell over 450 thousand copies and was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of Japan.

Since reaching commercial success, Perfume have continued to release music up through 2022. GAME was followed by subsequent studio albums (Triangle) in 2009 and JPN in 2011 through Tokuma and a second compilation album Perfume Global Compilation "LOVE THE WORLD" in 2012 to accompany their first international tour. The year 2012 also saw their move from Tokuma to Universal Music Japan under their own Perfume Records imprint to support their increasing international fame. With Universal, Perfume released LEVEL3 in 2013, COSMIC EXPLORER in 2016, and Future Pop in 2018, which all accompanied additional international tours including appearances at SXSW 2015 and the 2019 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival. In 2019 they released their second compilation album Perfume The Best “P Cubed” to commemorate the 15th anniversary of their major label debut,[3] featuring 50 remastered tracks and 2 brand new songs:[4] "Challenger", which the band challenged their fans to come up with a concept for a new music video,[5] and "Nananananairo" which was used for a beauty product campaign and had a commercial and music video filmed in Taiwan.[6][7] The year 2020 saw the release of the film Reframe THEATER EXPERIENCE with you, a recording of their 2019 Reframe live show, and the single "Time Warp" which was promoted internationally by Amazon Music including billboard space in New York City's Times Square.[8]

In 2021, both Reframe THEATER EXPERIENCE with you and the new film Perfume Imaginary Museum “Time Warp” were released internationally on Netflix[9] and the group released their first extended play Polygon Wave EP in July;[10] "Polygon Wave" was used as the theme song for The Masked Singer Japan on which Perfume served as panelists.[11] They also embarked a short Perfume LIVE 2021 [polygon wave] tour which continued in early 2022 as an extended Perfume LIVE 2022 [polygon wave] tour. March 2022 saw the release of their 27th single "Flow" and in July of that year they released their 7th studio album PLASMA, their first new album in over 4 years.[12] In June 2023, Perfume performed at Spain's Primavera Sound festival in Barcelona[13] debuting their newest song "Love Cloud"; they had initially planned to appear at the 2022 festival[14] but later had to cancel their plans due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and "unstable world conditions".[15] While they had been scheduled to perform at Primavera Sound's 2nd week in Madrid, the event as a whole was cancelled. Perfume also performed in London at Shepherd's Bush Empire for a special performance titled "Perfume LIVE 2023 “CODE OF PERFUME”".[16] The year 2023 will also serve as the 15th anniversary of the formation of their official fanclub "P.T.A." as well as the 10th anniversary of its international iteration "World P.T.A.", coinciding with a series of concerts in Japan in fall 2023.[17] Following the release of their 28th single "Moon" in September 2023, it was announced that they would be performing "Sumikko Disco", the theme song for 2023's Sumikko Gurashi movie Sumikko Gurashi: The Mysterious Child of the Makeshift Factory.[18][19]

Member biographies


KASHIYUKA with volumes of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure on her bookshelf in 2009.
KASHIYUKA's bookshelf in 2010.
KASHIYUKA's collection of JoJo figures.

Yuka Kashino (樫野 有香, Kashino Yuka) is known by her stage name KASHIYUKA.

Out of all of Perfume, KASHIYUKA is the biggest fan of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure. Her favorite part is currently Vento Aureo and her favorite character is Giorno Giovanna; she also likes Bruno Bucciarati and Jotaro Kujo. When Perfume appeared on the TV show Music Fighter in April 2009, KASHIYUKA revealed that JoJo's Bizarre Adventure was something she was extremely interested in at the time. She said she initially disliked the series because of its "crude" art style but began reading it after a JoJo fan passionately recommended it to her.[20] KASHIYUKA also revealed that JoJo was the manga series that she was recently addicted to in an interview with Perfume in the music magazine What's In from March 2009.[21]

While on stage during the Perfume Second Tour in October 2009, KASHIYUKA talked about the appearance of Chocolate Disco in Steel Ball Run, saying that she was happy to hear that one of her songs made it into her favorite manga.[22]

Perfume made a guest appearance on the show Happy Music hosted by TV personality, Becky, on April 16, 2010. During the show, Becky asked KASHIYUKA to show something that made her happy, to which she then held volumes of Steel Ball Run to the camera to discuss JoJo. She also presented photos revealing various figures in her room, including a copy of JOJO A-GO!GO!. KASHIYUKA also showed her bookshelf containing over a hundred volumes of JoJo lined up side by side. At the end of the show, Becky and the members of Perfume re-enacted the cover of SBR Volume 14.[23]

On March 1, 2010, KASHIYUKA got invited to Araki's house for an interview. Details on the interview are lost as it was only posted on a since deleted "Members Only" blog. The blog also featured a JoJo style picture of the members of Perfume. In 2012, Kashino was also invited by Araki to the JoJo's Bizarre Adventure's 25th Anniversary commemorative party in Tokyo.[24]

KASHIYUKA has incorporated JoJo poses into the group's choreography, notably in the cover art of the "Fushizen na Girl"/"Natural ni Koishite" double A-side single and in the "Natural ni Koishite" music video.[25]


Ayaka Nishiwaki (西脇 綾香, Nishiwaki Ayaka) is known by her stage name a~chan.

In an author's comment from Ultra Jump in March 2010, Araki describes coincidentally meeting a~chan while out shopping.[b]


Ayano Omoto (大本 彩乃, Ōmoto Ayano) is known by her stage name NOCCHi. She joined Perfume in 2001 after it was founded, replacing original member Yuka Kawashima. Prior to joining Perfume, she was a member of earlier idol groups Happy Baby (ハッピーベイビー, Happī Beibī) and La Ayanota (ラ・アヤノータ, Ra Ayanōta).

While on stage in October 2009, KASHIYUKA mentioned that NOCCHi's hair was similar to Bruno Bucciarati from Vento Aureo.[22]

Relevant discography


Cover Single Name Artist Use Release Date
1 Fan Service -sweet-.png "Fan Service [sweet]"
  1. "Chocolate Disco" (チョコレイト・ディスコ, Chokoreito Disuko)
  2. "Twinkle Snow Powdery Snow"
Perfume Name of Chocolate Disco February 14, 2007

"Chocolate Disco"

Chocolate Disco's original spelling

"Chocolate Disco" (チョコレイト・ディスコ, Chokoreito Disuko) was included as one of the two tracks featured on "Fan Service [sweet]", Perfume's ninth single. It was released on February 14, 2007. The song "Chocolate Disco" was later included as the fifth track on Perfume's debut studio album GAME, released April 16, 2008. Following its release, GAME has been cited as one of the most successful techno-pop albums of all time,[26] with many of the tracks being compared to French duo Daft Punk.[27]

The song "Chocolate Disco" was used as the namesake for the Stand Chocolate Disco in Steel Ball Run,[28] making it the first Stand in the series to be named after a song from a Japanese artist. People at the time speculated that the first Japanese Stand name would either be a song from Shoko Nakagawa or SOUL'd OUT, since both had close ties to Araki and were notable fans of the series.[29][30] The inclusion of "Chocolate Disco" was very unexpected, as Araki is rarely known to listen to Japanese music.[31]

Music producer Yasutaka Nakata, who wrote and composed "Chocolate Disco" for Perfume, said in an interview that his favorite manga was JoJo's Bizarre Adventure and that he was impressed to find out about the appearance of Chocolate Disco in the series.[32] Nakata was very happy to have his song featured as a Stand and would advertise it as such whenever he played it at events.[33]

The names of both Disco and his Stand Chocolate Disco were later changed in SBR Volume 17. The Stand's name was changed to (チョコレート・ディスコ, Chokorēto Disuko), making it slightly different from the song's title in Japanese, while the user's name was changed from "Disco" (ディスコ, Disuko) to "D-I-S-C-O" (ディ・ス・コ, Di-Su-Ko).

Extended discography

Studio albums

  • GAME - April 16, 2008
  • - July 8, 2009
  • JPN - November 30, 2011
  • LEVEL3 - October 2, 2013
  • LEVEL3 (Bonus Edition) - October 22, 2014
  • COSMIC EXPLORER - April 6, 2016
  • Future Pop - August 15, 2018
  • PLASMA - July 27, 2022

Extended plays

  • Polygon Wave EP (ポリゴンウェイヴEP, Porigon Weivu EP) - September 22, 2021

Compilation albums

  • Perfume ~Complete Best~ - August 2, 2006
  • Perfume Global Compilation "LOVE THE WORLD" - September 12, 2012
  • Perfume The Best “P Cubed” - September 18, 2019


Indie release
  • "OMAJINAI * Perori" (OMAJINAI★ペロリ) - March 21, 2002
  • "Kareshi Boshūchū" (彼氏募集中) - November 1, 2002
  • "Sweet Donuts" (スウィートドーナッツ, Suīto Dōnattsu) - August 6, 2003
  • "Monochrome Effect" (モノクロームエフェクト, Monokurōmu Efekuto) - March 17, 2004
  • "Vitamin Drop" (ビタミンドロップ, Bitamin Doroppu) - September 8, 2004
  • "Akihabalove" (アキハバラブ, Akihabarabu, as Perfume × DJ momo-i) - August 29, 2005
Major label
  • "Linear Motor Girl" (リニアモーターガール, Rinia Mōtā Gāru) - September 21, 2005
  • "Computer City" (コンピューターシティ, Konpyūtā Shiti) - January 11, 2006
  • "Electro World" (エレクトロ・ワールド, Erekutoro Wārudo) - June 28, 2006
  • "Fan Service [sweet]" - February 14, 2007
  • "Polyrhythm" (ポリリズム, Poririzumu) - September 12, 2007
  • "Baby cruising Love"/"Macaroni" (マカロニ, Makaroni) - January 16, 2008
  • "love the world" - July 9, 2008
  • "Dream Fighter" - November 19, 2008
  • "One Room Disco" (ワンルーム・ディスコ, Wanrūmu Disuko) - March 25, 2009
  • "Fushizen na Girl" (不自然なガール, Fushizen na Gāru)/"Natural ni Koishite" (ナチュラルに恋して, Nachuraru ni Koishite) - April 14, 2010
  • "VOICE" - August 11, 2010
  • "Nee" (ねぇ) - November 10, 2010
  • "Laser Beam" (レーザービーム, Rēzā Bīmu)/"Kasuka na Kaori" (微かなカオリ) - May 18, 2011
  • "Spice" (スパイス, Supaisu) - November 2, 2011
  • "Spring of Life" - April 11, 2012
  • "Spending all my time" - August 15, 2012
  • "Mirai no Museum" (未来のミュージアム, Mirai no Myūjiamu) - February 27, 2013
  • "Magic of Love" - May 22, 2013
  • "Sweet Refrain" - November 27, 2013
  • "Cling Cling" - July 16, 2014
  • "Relax In The City"/"Pick Me Up" - April 29, 2015
  • "STAR TRAIN" - October 28, 2015
  • "TOKYO GIRL" - February 15, 2017
  • "If you wanna" - August 30, 2017
  • "Mugen Mirai" (無限未来) - March 14, 2018
  • "Time Warp" - September 16, 2020
  • "Flow" - March 9, 2022
  • "Moon" - September 6, 2023
Digital singles
  • "Lovefool" - June 8, 2010
  • "Hold Your Hand" - May 21, 2014
  • "FLASH" - March 16, 2016
  • "I Don’t Understand You" (as OK Go × Perfume) - July 20, 2016
  • "Nananananairo" (ナナナナナイロ) - July 5, 2019
  • "Saisei" (再生) - November 28, 2019
  • "Polygon Wave" (ポリゴンウェイヴ, Porigon Weivu) - July 2, 2021
  • "Sayonara Plastic World" (さよならプラスティックワールド, Sayonara Purasutikku Wārudo) - April 29, 2022
  • "Sumikko Disco" (すみっコディスコ, Sumikko Disuko) - November 3, 2023

Video albums

  • Fan Service [bitter] - March 14, 2007
  • Perfume First Tour GAME - October 15, 2008
  • Perfume BUDOUKaaaaaaaaaaN!!!!! - April 22, 2009
  • Perfume Second Tour 2009 Chokkaku Nitouhen Sankakkei Tour (Perfume Second Tour 2009『直角二等辺三角形TOUR』) - January 13, 2010
  • Perfume Live @ Tokyo Dome 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 (Perfume LIVE@東京ドーム「1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11」) - February 9, 2011
  • Perfume 3rd Tour JPN - August 1, 2012
  • Perfume WORLD TOUR 1st - May 22, 2013
  • Perfume Clips - February 12, 2014
  • Perfume 4th Tour in DOME LEVEL3 - April 9, 2014
  • Perfume WORLD TOUR 2nd - October 1, 2014
  • Perfume 5th Tour 2014 Gurun Gurun (Perfume 5th Tour 2014「ぐるんぐるん」) - March 10, 2015
  • Perfume WORLD TOUR 3rd - July 22, 2015
  • Perfume Anniversary 10days 2015 PPPPPPPPPP LIVE 3:5:6:9 - January 13, 2016
  • WE ARE Perfume -WORLD TOUR 3rd DOCUMENT - July 6, 2016
  • Perfume 6th Tour 2016 COSMIC EXPLORER - April 5, 2017
  • Perfume Clips 2 - November 29, 2017
  • Perfume 7th Tour 2018 FUTURE POP - April 3, 2019
  • Perfume 8th Tour 2020 “P Cubed” in Dome - September 2, 2020
  • Perfume LIVE 2021[polygon wave] - December 24, 2022
  • Perfume 9th Tour 2022 "PLASMA"' - May 31, 2023




  • A popular fan comic depicting the members of Perfume with different Stands was created in June 2008. The comic showed Yuka Kashino with the Stand "Chocolate Disco." Interestingly, this was posted two months before Chocolate Disco's reveal in Steel Ball Run.[34]


  1. The Stand's user D-I-S-C-O also is named after the same Perfume song, but Perfume is not the only Japanese musical act referenced in JoJo's Bizarre Adventure in this regard. They share this distinction with Japanese hip-hop/R&B group SOUL'd OUT.
  2. "While I was out shopping I met a~chan from Perfume. What are the odds? Was it Fate? (maybe not...)" (SBR Chapter 81)


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  13. Perfume Confirmed to Perform at Primavera Sound 2023!
  14. Perfumeがスペイン音楽フェス「Primavera Sound 2022」に出演
  15. Cancellation Notice of Perfume's Performance at Primavera Sound 2022
  16. ロンドン公演「Perfume LIVE 2023 “CODE OF PERFUME”」スペシャル企画実施決定!
  17. 祝「P.T.A.」15周年!Perfumeが5年ぶりホールトゥワーで10都市巡る
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  19. 3rd Sumikko Gurashi Anime Film's Trailer Reveals Perfume's Theme Song
  20. その魅力は「精神的な部分」ッ!? 『Perfume』樫野有香さんは「ジョジョ」にハマり中
  21. What's In (Watts 2-in-1)? 2009 April Issue
  22. 22.0 22.1 次はみんなで「ジョジョ立ち」!? 『Perfume』かしゆか、ライブで「ジョジョ」を熱く語る
  23. 「Perfume」かしゆか、TV番組で『ジョジョ』を大プッシュ、ベッキーと4人でジョジョ立ちも!
  24. Perfume LOCKS 10月まとめ!
  25. Perfumeかしゆか、ラジオで「ジョジョ立ち」! そして新曲PVでも…!?
  26. Perfume - インタビュー
  27. Game – Perfume". AllMusic
  28. JOJOVELLER: Araki's Stand Commentaries - Chocolate Disco
  29. MTV SOUL'd OUT Special (February 2005)
  30. 初の”邦楽スタンド”が実現かッ!? MTV PAPER『超スタンド級対談 SOUL’d OUT × 荒木飛呂彦』
  31. Manga OMO! (January 2002)
  32. Capsule Archive カプセルアーカイブ
  33. スタンドも月までブッ飛ぶこの衝撃… ジョジョ史上初、“邦楽”から付けられた「スタンド名」が登場!!
  34. JOJO風Perfume

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