List of References in JoJo

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Within JoJo's Bizarre Adventure there exists a great number of overt references to existing art and media, as well as echoes of Hirohiko Araki's artistic influences. This article represents a provisional list of these.

Note: References listed on this page without citations have not been confirmed.

Phantom Blood

References in Phantom Blood

  • Dio's surname is possibly named after the actor Marlon Brando.[citation needed]
  • Will Anthonio Zeppeli's first name is possibly a reference to the English novelist William Makepeace Thackeray, who Zeppeli himself quoted in his dying moments.[4]
  • The university where Jonathan and Dio studied is named Hugh Hudson Academy. This is likely named after Hugh Hudson, a British film director, known by the masterpiece movie Chariots of Fire.
  • The concept designs of Jonathan and Dio came from Sylvester Stallone and Arnold Schwarzenegger, whose films were popular at the time.[1]
  • The very first page of Volume 1 features the quote "Two men look out through the same bars; one sees the mud and one the stars." from Frederick Langridge.

Dio drinking Cronenberg

  • The interactions between George Joestar I and Dario Brando parallel that of various interactions in Victor Hugo's novel Les Misérables. George mistakes Dario, who was trying to loot him, as his savior, just as Marius' father mistakes Thenadiers as his savior. George also claims that he gave Dario the ring that Dario himself stole, similar to how the bishop Myriel claims that he had given Jean Valjean the silverware.
  • The premise of Part I parallels Bram Stoker's novel Dracula, in that both take place in the closing years of the 19th Century and involve a young adult protagonist named Jonathan interacting with and defeating a charismatic vampire.
  • The title of Chapter 21 in the WSJ release is named after 'Salem's Lot, a 1975 vampire novel by Stephen King. The novel also shares similarities to Windknight's Lot.

Battle Tendency

References in Battle Tendency

  • The cave in which Santana is discovered resembles the interior of the derelict spacecraft on LV-426 from the movie Aliens.
  • Joseph is shown reading a Superman comic when he and Speedwagon are attacked by a group of hijackers.[6]

  • In the anime version of the hijacking scene, Joseph is reading a Baoh the Visitor manga instead of a Superman comic, presumably to avoid legal issues with DC Comics. However, the scene still references Superman in a more subtle way, as the Baoh comic's cover is based on that of Superman #1.

  • Chapter 49 is named after Master of the Game, a 1982 novel by Sidney Sheldon. The story spans four generations of the McGregor/Blackwell family, similar to the Joestar Family. Hirohiko Araki mentions reading the novel during the early chapters of Part 1. The novel is also used again for Episode 11 of the TV Anime.
  • The minor character Bruto appears to be a direct expy of the character Bluto from the series Popeye.

Stardust Crusaders

References in Stardust Crusaders

  • During Joseph's usage of Hermit Purple on the TV, one of the random programs shows Marlon Brando in his famous film The Godfather, where he played Don Vito Corleone.[13]
  • When Polnareff hits Devo in his hotel room, Devo falls off the balcony; he is nowhere to be found when Polnareff checks for his body.  This is a possible shout-out to the ending of John Carpenter's Halloween.
  • Ebony Devil's possession of a doll is similar to horror film Child's Play.
  • Yellow Temperance is likely a reference to The Blob.[23]
  • Strength was possibly inspired by the tale of Mary Celeste, while its user was modeled after Link, a character from a 1986 movie of the same name.[23]
  • When Polnareff is turned into a kid by Alessi's Stand and locks himself behind a wooden door, Alessi tears this door down by using his axe. He then puts his head into the now broken door, saying "Polnareff, I'm here." The scene closely resembles the famous setting of Stanley Kubrik's The Shining.
  • The first half of the Wheel of Fortune part is a reference to Steven Spielberg's first movie, Duel.[23]
  • Lovers' appearance is that of the robot from Short Circuit, crossed with a tick or a fly.[23]
  • The events involving Lovers is based on the sci-fi film Fantastic Voyage.
  • When the heroes talk about riding camels, Joseph says he's learned about camel riding by watching the movie Lawrence of Arabia.[22]
  • N'Doul is based off Kan Shimozawa's Zatoichi, a long running Japanese film series centered around a blind blademaster of the same name.[23]
  • While Iggy is fighting Pet Shop in the sewer Iggy uses The Fool to create a wound across the front of Pet Shop's torso. Pet Shop touches the wound with his wing and lick the blood off it, similar to a famous scene in the movie Enter The Dragon.
  • When Jotaro asks Joseph who plays the female lead in Tarzan, the Ape Man, Joseph correctly answers "Bo Derek"[19]

Doraemon homage as "Neko Dora".
  • Jotaro is seen reading Weekly Shonen Jump by the prison guards at one point when he's in his jail cell.[24]
  • When Joseph tries to use Hermit Purple on a television in order to detect DIO from Singapore, his Stand shows him random TV programs. One of the shows that appears is Doraemon.[13]
  • Dio's Road Roller move was inspired by an identical move used by Kinnikuman in the first episode of the Kinnikuman anime.
  • The tailpiece for Chapter 254 features The World forming his hands in position for releasing a Kamehameha, a move from Dragon Ball.

  • Anubis's concept references tales of cursed swords pushing their owners to shed blood, for instance those made by Muramasa.

The car crash scene in Chapter 251. Waldo can be seen among the people flying in the air.
  • Magician's Red's appearance is inspired by the character of Horus, a man with the head of a bird featured in the Nikopol trilogy of comics, by the artist Enki Bilal.
  • In the Justice story arc, when the group discovers a dead man full of holes, Polnareff compares him to the cheese from the cartoon series "Tom & Jerry".
  • Jotaro says to Enya that when he has something on his mind he can't sleep, saying it might be because he watched Columbo as a kid.[25]
  • When Polnareff asks to become a famous comicbook author, several characters from Western comic books can be seen in the background. One of them is notably Colonel Clifton from the Franco-Belgian comics Clifton.[22]
  • In the Viz Media localization (from 2012 onward), Steely Dan is called Dan of Steel, a play on the band's name while also being a reference to Detective Comic's Man of Steel, Superman.
  • Judgement's design was influenced by Shotaro Ishinomori's Kamen Rider and Kikaider. Its ability is based off the story of Aladdin and the Magic Lamp.[23]
  • When DIO forces Senator Wilson Phillips to drive through the crowd, Waldo from the Where's Waldo? children's book series can be seen flying through the air.

Diamond is Unbreakable

References in Diamond is Unbreakable

  • In the English dub Okuyasu says "So go ahead punk, make my day" during his fight with Josuke. This is a reference to the Clint Eastwood film Dirty Harry.
  • In the Let's Go Eat Some Italian Food (story arc), Okuyasu drinks some water that heals his tiredness by releasing large amounts of tears from his eyes. He underplays this by claiming that he had presumably cried a lot more when watching the 1979 film, The Champ.[30]
  • During the Let's Go Hunting arc, Josuke makes a reference to Mickey Mouse.[31]
  • In Episode 24 of the TV Anime, in the final shot where Kira escapes, an advertisement for Austin Powers 2 can be seen on the cinema marquee.
  • The story outline of Diamond is Unbreakable takes inspiration from the David Lynch television series Twin Peaks. Both series are supernatural thrillers that are set around the search for a psychopath that has caused the death of a teenager girl in a small town with odd characters. The characters of Jotaro, Reimi Sugimoto and Yoshikage Kira play similar roles to that of Dale Cooper, Laura Palmer and Killer Bob (With both Bob and Kira hiding in the guise of another person).
  • The fight between Josuke and Highway Star parallels the film "Speed" starring Keanu Reeves.

  • Josuke is initially introduced being bullied by some upperclassmen. One of the bullies insults his hair by claiming it looks like Astro Boy's. In his rage, Josuke mishears it as Sazae-san.
  • After turning into Josuke, Surface asks him if he was familiar with the copy robot from Perman, a parody series by Doraemon author, Fujiko Fujio.[32]
  • In the Italian food arc, Okuyasu compares the harmony between mozzarella and tomato to Asao Takamori and Tetsuya Chiba's work on Ashita no Joe.[30]
  • When asking Okuyasu his name during the Red Hot Chili Pepper arc, Joseph mishears it as Osomatsu.
  • In the Let's Go Hunting! story arc, Josuke compares Jotaro poking the mass of melted rat to how Arale from Dr. Slump pokes poop.[31]

Vento Aureo

References in Vento Aureo

  • At the beginning of Vento Aureo, Koichi Hirose mentions the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, saying how humans in the movie have already traveled all the way to Jupiter in the year 2001.[36]
  • Luca is also a fictional character in Mario Puzo's novel The Godfather, as well as its 1972 film adaptation.
  • In the anime, Fugo uses his wit to outdo a waiter's threats on putting him in jail by mentioning a 1987 court case between "Argento v. De Sica". Said court case is fictional and the names used are references to film directors Dario Argento (Suspiria) and Vittorio de Sica (Bicycle Thieves).
  • Squalo/Clash's theme in the anime seems to be inspired by the Jaws theme.
  • The idea of Diavolo and Vinegar Doppio is very similar to the idea of Keyser Söze and Verbal Kint from the Brian Singer movie The Usual Suspects


  • Polpo quotes the 17th Century historian Thomas Fuller. "He's my friend that speaks well of me behind my back".[39]

Stone Ocean

References in Stone Ocean

  • Affected by Jail House Lock, Jolyne watches some movies while suffering from amnesia. She is seen watching From Hell and questioning the actions of Johnny Depp's character. Later she spoils the ending of The Sixth Sense.[44] The notes she makes for herself are a reference to the movie Memento.
  • The name of the Enter the Dragon's Dream (燃えよ竜の夢(ドラゴンズ・ドリーム) Moe yo Doragonzu Dorīmu) story arc references the Japanese localization of Bruce Lee's Enter The Dragon (燃えよドラゴン Moe yo Doragon).

  • Bohemian Rhapsody is a Stand able to bring fictional characters into reality. Some characters from Manga and Comics were summoned. Among them: Spiderman, Kenshiro, Raoh, Mazinger Z, Tetsuwan Atom (Astro Boy), Tetsujin 28 (Gigantor) and Giant Robo.
  • The arc There's Six of Them! bears a strong resemblance in name and initial plot to the short shojo manga and anime film They Were Eleven.

  • Emporio Alnino is named after the Armani fashion line Emporio Armani.
  • Gwess shares her name with the American clothing brand Guess.
  • Lang Wrangler's surname may reference the American jeans brand Wrangler.
  • Sports Maxx is named after the Max Mara brand, Sportmax.
  • Kenzou's Stand, Dragon's Dream, is named after Roger Dean's publishing company.
  • Weather Report's adopted name, Wes Bluemarine is derived from the Blufin fashion line, Blumarine.
  • Perla Pucci's first name is derived from the Italian clothing brand La Perla.
  • In SO Chapter 10: Green Dolphin Street Prison, one of the prisoners reads The Count of Monte Cristo.
  • In SO Chapter 25 when Thunder McQueen narrates how he accidentally shot a falling woman, the story references the famous fake case of Ronald Opus, a fictitious murder case about a person being fatally shot in the midst of a suicide attempt.
  • In SO Chapter 78 Jolyne mentions the cartoon dog "Snoopy", saying that she heard of carrots shaped like the famous dog being discovered.
  • Bohemian Rhapsody is a Stand able to bring fictional characters into reality. Some characters from Popular Tales were summoned. Among them: Pinocchio, Mickey Mouse, E.T., Mother Goat, Snow White and the Seven Dwarves, Peter Pan, Little Red Riding Hood and The Big Bad Wolf.
  • Bohemian Rhapsody also summoned some art pieces: Vincent van Gogh's portraits and Venus by Botticelli.
  • When the 7 dwarves are summoned they mentioned Terminator's T-2000 and Star Wars's Chewbacca.
  • In popular culture, The Mayan Prophecy of 2012 announced the end of the world at December of that same year. In the manga Pucci succeeded in ending the actual world to create a new one.
  • In a Florida tourist guide book read by Anasui, the city of Orlando's Disney's Magic Kingdom and MGM, Universal Studios and Sea World Theme Park are referenced.[45]
  • Donatello Versus' back story is a reference to the book Holes.

Steel Ball Run

References in Steel Ball Run

  • Gyro Zeppeli's gag from Chapter 63 is a combination reference of a well known Russian folk song, One Week (一週間), in Japan, as well as a gag by the Japanese comedian Atsumu Watanabe who becomes silly whenever he says a number that is a multiple of 3 or contains a 3.
  • Funny Valentine's "napkin" analogy is inspired from a similar analogy made by Yoichiro Nambu to explain the principle of Symmetry breaking.[47]


References in JoJolion

A Coda album behind the chair in Daiya's room

  • When Yasuho and Josuke come to Yoshikage Kira's home, they see a naked woman bathing in a way similar to the room 237 scene of Stanley Kubrick's The Shining.
  • When Yasuho is in the basement of the Higashikata residence with Tsurugi, there is a poster on the back wall of the film, Enter the Dragon, starring Bruce Lee.
  • The Trouble with the curve story arc is a reference to the movie, Trouble with the Curve. The movie stars Clint Eastwood, one of Araki's favorite actors.
  • When Josuke drags Yasuho into the Higashikata's family photo, it resembled the family photo scene in The Godfather where Michael Corleone drags Kay into the photo. Also, when Norisuke realizes one of his sons is missing, he decides to not take the picture like the way Vito Corleone acted when he noticed Michael was missing.
  • In JJL Chapter 50, a young Yoshikage Kira tells his mother that he wants to see the movie Titanic.
  • In the Milagro Man story arc, Joshu Higashikata watches a "pirate movie" featuring Johnny Depp, referencing the Pirates of the Carribean franchise.[56]
  • Yasuho Hirose's flashback in JJL Chapter 71 takes inspiration from the American crime drama film "Heat". In the movie, the protagonist Vincent Hanna has a stepdaughter (named Lauren) whom he has difficulty connecting with. In the movie, Lauren is distressed because she lost her barrettes and thinks she's going to miss a date with Vincent. Lauren will later attempt suicide by slitting her arms in the bathtub. In JoJolion, Yasuho finds herself in similar situations, losing the Hair Clip and getting mad because she will miss her weekend with her father, and then trying to kill herself in a similar fashion.
  • Satoru Akefu facing the corner of the hospital room in Chapter 97 may reference the final scene of The Blair Witch Project.
  • In Chapter 99, Sadako Yamamura from The Ring franchise is depicted amongst human examples of human women.

  • In JJL Chapter 11 when Josuke uses his bubbles to shave, there are some references to Kinnikuman. Josuke also uses Soft & Wet to steal the fur off a cat whose head bears the kanji for meat (肉), another reference to Kinnikuman.
  • The inside of the Higashikata bunker is filled with several toys and memorabilia, including figures of Ultraman and Astro Boy.[57]
Monkey D. Luffy plush-doll and Tony Tony Chopper.

Spin-offs and Other Works

References in Spin-offs and Other Works


The Genesis of Universe

References in The Genesis of Universe

Golden Heart, Golden Ring

References in Golden Heart, Golden Ring

The Book: 4th Another Day

References in The Book: 4th Another Day

  • The Book's namesake is inspired by the music duo The Books.
  • Each chapter is introduced by an excerpt of Requiem, a mass of the Catholic Church offered for the repose of the deceased.
    • Chapter 1 begins with the first verses of Requiem.
    • Chapter 2 begins with the Dies irae part.
    • Chapter 3 begins with the Confutatis, a latin hymn which is also part of requiem mass
    • Chapter 4 begins with the Lacrimosa, the last segment of Dies irae.
    • Chapter 5 begins with the Communio/Lux aeterna.


References in JORGE JOESTAR

  • Namahage Detective's namesake is the Japanese demon-like creature Namahage.
  • The murders of several detective are set to remind witnesses of various Japanese folk tales:
    • Nekoneko Nyan Nyan Nyan's death is based on the tales of Momotarō.
    • Sachiari Hakkyoku's death is based on the tale of Urashima Tarō.
    • Tsukumojuku's death is based on the tale of Kintarō.
  • The Mothman is inspired by the legend of the Mothman.
  • When George becomes a pilot, he hears rumours about Gremlins.

  • Antonio Torres' namesake is the Spanish musician Antonio de Torres Jurado.
    • His parents Alejandro Torres and Maria Torres are inspired by Antonio de Torres Jurado's parents, respectively Juan Torres and Maria Jurado.
  • Nekoneko Nyan Nyan's namesake is the Japanese song Nekoneko Nyan Nyan.

  • Tsukumojuku Kato's family's namesakes are varied:
  • His mother Serika's namesake is the Toyota Celica.
  • Her youngest son Seshiru is the Japanese fashion brand Cecil McBee.
  • The Eyed Balloon is compared to the painting The Eye Like a Strange Balloon Mounts Toward Infinity, a painting from French painter Odilon Redon. It is also compared to Japanese manga artist Mizuki Shigeru's character, the yokai Backbeard.

Purple Haze Feedback

References in Purple Haze Feedback

  • Sheila E says the E in her name stands for the Erinyes, mythological figures also known as The Furies.[62]
  • Giorno is seen reading Politicita di Michelangelo by Italian writer Giorgio Spini.[64]
  • In a flashback, Bucciarati reads The Prince.[67]


Miscellaneous References
*The JOJO A-GO!GO! artbook includes several images of different characters and stands having a dance party, with the artwork being captioned with "Let's Dance". This is a possible reference to the David Bowie song and album Let's Dance.


  1. 1.0 1.1 JoJo's Bizarre Adventure: Phantom Blood videogame - Interview with Hirohiko Araki 2006
  2. Joseph Joestar - Vol.1 "Shueisha Jump Remix Battle Tendency Edition" P44 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  3. 3.0 3.1 JoJonium 第2巻 (Volume 2), Pg. 323
  4. Chapter 35: Tomorrow's Courage, The Successor (3)
  6. Chapter 46: Joseph Joestar of New York, Part 2
  7. Star Platinum - Vol.1 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P152 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  8. Chapter 120: Noriaki Kakyoin, Part 3
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Justice - Vol.3 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P70 · 71 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Silver Chariot - Vol.2 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P66 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  11. Chapter 129: Dark Blue Moon, Part 3
  12. Chapter 133: Devil, Part 1
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Chapter 136: Yellow Temperance, Part 1
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Lovers - Vol.4 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P124 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  15. 15.0 15.1 Death 13 - Vol.5 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P152 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 N'Doul's Geb - Vol.6 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P132 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Pet Shop's Horus - Vol.8 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P84 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 The Miasma of the Void, Vanilla Ice - Vol.9 "Shueisha Jump Remix Stardust Crusaders Edition" P170 The Secret of JOJO Characters
  19. 19.0 19.1 Chapter 265: The Faraway Journey, Farewell Friends
  20. Chapter 152: Wheel of Fortune, Part 3
  21. Hirohiko Araki Tokai Lecture
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 Chapter 166: Sun, Part 1
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 23.5 JOJOVELLER Stand Guide (『JOJOVELLER - STANDS』)
  24. Chapter 114: Jotaro Kujo, Part 1
  25. Chapter 159: Justice, Part 6
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 26.5 26.6 Love Deluxe - Vol.14 "Shueisha Jump Remix Diamond is Unbreakable Edition" P86 The origin of STANDS! Part 2
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 27.6 >Heaven's Door - Vol.16 "Shueisha Jump Remix Diamond is Unbreakable Edition P90 The origin of STANDS! Part 3
  28. 28.00 28.01 28.02 28.03 28.04 28.05 28.06 28.07 28.08 28.09 28.10 Harvest - Vol.17 "Shueisha Jump Remix Diamond is Unbreakable Edition" P106-107 The origin of STANDS! Part 4
  29. Chapter 358: Sheer Heart Attack, Part 5
  30. 30.0 30.1 Chapter 304: Let's Go Eat Some Italian Food, Part 2
  31. 31.0 31.1 Chapter 325: Let's Go Hunting!, Part 1
  32. Chapter 290: Toshikazu Hazamada (Surface), Part 2
  33. Chapter 327: Let's Go Hunting!, Part 3
  34. Chapter 593: Sleeping Slaves (4)
  35. 35.0 35.1 『Comnavi』Vol.3「Interview&Graph」
  36. Chapter 440: Gold Experience, Part 1
  37. 37.0 37.1 Chapter 487: Express Train to Florence, Part 2
  38. Chapter 448: Meet the Gangster Behind the Wall, Part 1
  39. Chapter 449: Meet the Gangster Behind the Wall, Part 2
  40. Chapter 577: The Requiem Plays Quietly (6)
  41. SO Chapter 94: Time for Heaven
  42. SO Chapter 30: There's Six of Them!, Part 5
  43. SO Chapter 65: The Secret of Guard Westwood, Part 6
  44. SO Chapter 99: Jail House Lock!, Part 4
  45. SO Chapter 104: Bohemian Rhapsody, Part 1
  46. SBR Chapter 87: Ball Breaker, Part 5
  47. では「対称性の破れ」とは何か。南部氏はこう説明する。  「大勢の客が丸いテーブルにぎっしり着席している。各席の前には皿、ナイフ、フォーク、ナプキンが置いてあるが、左右どちらのナプキンが自分に属するかわからぬほど左右対称になっている。そのとき、だれか一人が右側のナプキンを取り上げれば他の客もそれにならい、とたんに対称性が自発的に破れてしまう」=「クォーク」(講談社)から。 (ノーベル物理学賞に日本人3氏 素粒子の性質解明 – 毎日jp(毎日新聞)より)
  48. JJL Chapter 7: Josuke, Go to the Higashikata Family
  49. JJL Chapter 9: California King Bed, Part 2
  50. JJL Chapter 10: California King Bed, Part 3
  51. JJL Chapter 25: Paper Moon Deception, Part 3
  52. JJL Chapter 31: "I Am a Rock", Part 1
  53. JJL Volume 14: Author's Note
  54. JJL Chapter 78: Orthopedic Surgeon - Dr. Wu Tomoki
  55. JJL Chapter 97: The Wonder of You (The Miracle of Your Love), Part 14
  56. JJL Chapter 56: Milagro Man, Part 1
  57. JJL Chapter 24: Paper Moon Deception, Part 2
  58. JJL Chapter 51: Vitamin C and Killer Queen, Part 2
  59. JJL Chapter 90: The Wonder of You (The Miracle of Your Love), Part 7
  60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 1
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 61.3 61.4 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 2
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.3 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 3
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.3 63.4 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 4
  64. 64.0 64.1 64.2 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 5
  65. 65.0 65.1 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 7
  66. 66.0 66.1 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 8
  67. 67.0 67.1 67.2 67.3 Purple Haze Feedback, chapter 6

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